!Bletilla striata [Thumb.]Rchb. 1878

Photo by Lourens Grobler

Flower Closeup

Side View of Flower

Photos by Gerry Sinclair.


Common Name The Striped Bletilla - In China Bai Ji

Flower Size 1 to 2.2" [2.5 to 5.5 cm]

This species is found in Japan, Korea, Anhui, Fujian, southeast Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, south Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang provinces of China, Hong Kong, and Okinawa in evergreen broad leaved forests, coniferous forests, grassy places and crevices at elevations of 100 to 3200 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with subterranean rounded and compressed pseudobulbs with an erect stem that bears 4 to 5, oblong-lanceolate, plicate, acuminate apically, flexible leaves and blooms on a lax, terminal, 2' [60 cm] long inflorescence arising with a new pseudobulb that has several [3 to 12], fragrant, somewhat nodding flowers that open in succession in the spring and requires a winter rest.

In Peiping China a thick mucilage created from the pseudobulbs of this species are used in the manufacture of wainscoting

Synonyms Bletilla elegantula (Kraenzl.) Garay & G.A.Romero 1998 ; Bletia gebina [Lindley]Rchb.f 1847; Bletia hyacinthina [Willd.] R. Br. 1813; Bletia hyacinthina var. gebina (Lindl.) Blume 1858; Bletia striata [Thunb] Druce 1917; Bletilla gebina [Lindley]Rchb.f. 1852-3; Bletilla hyacintha (Sm.) Rchb. f. 1878; Bletilla striata f. gebina (Lindl.) Ohwi 1953; Bletilla striata var. albomarginata Makino 1929; Bletilla striata var. gebina (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in ?.; Calanthe gebina Lodd. ex Lindl. 1855; Coelogyne elegantula Kraenzl. 1921 ; Cymbidium hyacinthinum Sims 1812; Cymbidium hyacinthinum Sm. 1906; Cymbidium hyacinthinum [Thunb.] Swartz; Cymbidium striatum [Thunb.]Sw. 1799; Epidendrum striatum (Thunb.) Thunb. 1794; Epidendrum tuberosum Lour. 1763; Gyas humilis Salisb. 1812; Jimensia striatum [Thunb.]Garay & Schultes 1958; Limodorum hyacinthinum (Sm.) Donn 1807; *Limodorum striatum Thunb 1784; Polytoma inodora Lour. ex B.A.Gomes 1872; Sobralia bletioides Brongn. ex Decne. 1847

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 5 1957 drawing as B gebinae; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 as B gebinae drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 5 1959 as B hyacynthina; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 as B hyacynthina; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 2 1980 photo fide; Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; Simon & Schuster's Guide to Orchids Fanfani & Rossi 1988; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1993; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Harvard Papaers in Botany Vol 3 # 1 53 Schedulae Orchidum I Garay 1998 as B elegantula; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide Oasis Vol 1 No 2 2000 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 66 No 5 2001 photo; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2001; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; The World's Most Beautiful Orchids Allikas & Nash 2005 as B hyacinthina photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 #6 2007 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 #5 2008 photo fide; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #10 2010 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchideen Series C Band 74 Thiv & Worz 2012 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #2 2015 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #9 2019 as Cymbidium hyacinthinum drawing fide; The Orchid Review Vol 1278 No 1330 June 2020 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;

!Bletilla striata var alba[Thumb.]Rchb.f 1878 Photo by Orchidees de Societie Francais Nord Website

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A Color variation of the above species.