Brassia caudata (L.) Lindl. 1824

Photo by Caves Branch Botanical Garden

Another Flower

Photo by Daniel Jimenez

FragrancePart shadeHotTo CoolSpring and Fall

Common Name The Tailed Brassia

Flower Size 1 1/2" wide and 6" long [3.75 by 15 cm]

Found from Florida, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil as a caespitose, medium sized, hot to cool growing, bifoliate epiphyte occuring at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters in tropical rainforests on exposed tree trunks with cylindric, slightly laterally compressed pseudobulbs subtended by foliaceous bracts and carrying elliptic-oblong, coriaceous, carinate abaxially leaves that blooms in the spring and fall on an arcuate to pendant, 8 to 10" [15 to 25 cm] long, many [12] flowered inflorescence arising from the basal axils of a newly mature pseudobulb and carrying fragrant, long-lasting flowers.

Synonyms Brassia caudata var. hieroglyphica Rchb. f. 1881; Brassia lewisii Rolfe 1893; Brassia longissima var. minor Schltr. 1922; *Epidendrum caudatum L. 1763; Malaxis caudata (L.) Willd. 1805; Oncidium caudatum (L.) Rchb. f. 1863

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1960; Orquedias de El Salvador Hamer 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 7 1961 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 No 9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 398 No 9 1969 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 1 1970 photo; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; The Native Orchids Of Florida Luer 1972 Drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #8 1975; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Orquideologia Vol 15 #1 Luer & Escobar 1981 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 623 Hamer 1982 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Vasquez & Dodson Plate 509 1982 drawing ok; Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 8 1985 photo fide; Orchids of Guatemala & Belize Ames & Correwll 1985; Orchids of Panama Williams 1985; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0013 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 # 10 1992 draqwing fidel The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 drawing/photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Dodson Vol 1 1993 drawing/photo ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1508 Mora & Atwood 1993 drawing ok; Native Colombian Orhids COS Vol 5 1994 photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum plate 211 Bennet & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; Orchids of Jamaica Glioudin & Tobisch 1995; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal 2001; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002; Orchideas del Tachira Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Manual De Plantas de Costa Rica Vol III Hamel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing good; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 3 2005 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 7 2006 drawing fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de la Republica Dominicana Y Haiti Fernandez 2007 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo ok; Orchids of French Guiana Szatchetko, Veyret etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 photo fide