!Brassavola cucullata [L.] R.Br. 1813 SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Brassavola

Plant and Flower

Photo by © Milan Vágner

Another Flower

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Flowering plant in situ in Mexico

Photo by Weyman Bussey

to to

Common Name Hooded Brassavola

Flower Size 7" [17.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia and Peru of coastal rainforests at elevations up to 1800 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte with erect to ascending, slender, terete, jointed stems enveloped by white, scarious, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, linear-subulate, terete, fleshy coriaceous leaf that blooms at most any time of the year on a short to 8" [20 cm] long peduncle that is borne at the junction of the single leaf and terete stem and carrying musty-soap scented flowers. One to two flowered, epiphytic plant that smells somewhat skunky at night, grows best mounted on wood.

Flowers that appear later in it's season and exposed to a cold snap will have a redder appearance.

This is the type species for the genus.

B appendiculata A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845 has been proposed for similar orchids occuring in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua which have a larger mid lobe to the lip but this seems to be too little to separate them from the larger population so I have kept them together.

Synonyms Bletia cucullata (L.) Rchb. f. 1861; Bletia cucullata var. cuspidata (Hook.) Rchb.f. 1862; Brassavola appendiculata A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Brassavola cucullata [L.]R.Br. var cuspidata [Hkr.] LIndley 1887; Brassavola cucullata [L.]R.Br. var elegans Schlechter 1919; Brassavola cuspidata Hooker 1839; Brassavola elongata Hort. 1954; Brassavola odorattissima Regel 1852; Cymbidium cucullatum Sw. 1799; *Epidendrum cucullatum L. 1763

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as B cuspidata; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as B cuspidata; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Bletia cucullata; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; Orchids of Malaya Holtum 1953; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 No 9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Dunsterville & Gary 1979; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 620 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Orchids of Guatemala & Belize Ames & Correwll 1985; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photos fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 12 1993 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 58 No 2 1994 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol V Withner 1998 drawing/photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal 2001; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 5 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 10 2006 photo fide; Orchid Digest vol 71 #4 Oct, Nov, Dec 2007 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 9 2008 photo fide; AOS Bulletin vol 78 No 7 2009 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 75 #1 2011 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szatchetko, Veyret etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #12 2016 photo fide; ; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #10 2019 photo fide;