Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840

Photo by © Lourens Grobler

FragrancePart sunWarmTo Cold LATESpring TO EARLY Fall

Common Name The Warty Brassia

Flower Size 6" or less

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Venezuela as a large sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte of open humid, evergreen to semi-deciduous cloud forests on tree trunks and larger branches at elevations of 900 to 2400 meters with ovoid-conic, furrowed, slightly laterally compressed pseudobulbs subtended by 1 to 2 foliaceous bracts and has 2, coriaceous, elliptic-lanceolate leaves that are conduplicate at the base. They flower in the late spring through the early autumn on a basal, to more than 2' [60 cm] long, erect to arching inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb which are strongly 2 ranked and carry many [10 to 20] flowers that are slightly scented of black pepper and need regular waterings and fertilizer year round.

The lip of B verrucosa when flattened is oblong-obovate and is essentially unlobed and the flowers are smaller than B brachiata.

It is distinguished from the other Brassia by the green warts on the base of the lip.

Plants found in Costa Rica, Panama and Peru and Brazil with this name are either B brachiata [Central America] or B bidens [Peru and Brazil].

Synonyms Brassia aristata Lindley 1844; Brassia brachiata Lindley 1842; Brassia coryandra C. Morr. 1848; Brassia cowani R.H. Torr. ex Lindl. 1854; Brassia longiloba DC 1848; Brassia odontoglossoides Klotsch & Karst. 1847; Brassia ophioglossoides Klotzsch & Karst.; Oncidium brachiatum Rchb.f 1864; Oncidium verrucosum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1863

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 drawing fide; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as B brachiata; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as B brachiata; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 #1 1959 photo fide; Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 drawing not = B bidens; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 3 1981 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 15 #1 Luer & Escobar 1981 photo good; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok/photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 625 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Orchids of Guatemala & Belize Ames & Correll 1985 as B brachiata; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 11 1986 photo fide; An Introdution to the orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photos fide; Simon & Schusters Guide to Orchids Fanfani & Rossi 1988; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1510 Mora & Atwood 1993 drawing ok; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 3 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 4 2003 photo fide; Manual De Plantas de Costa Rica Vol III Hamel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 2 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 3 2005 photo; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 10 2006 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006 as B brachiata; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; AOS Bulletin vol 78 No 5 2009 photo ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 as B brachiata photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #1 2018 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018