!Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859 SECTION Bromheadia

Flower Closeup

Detail of Rhachis

Photos by Peter O'Byrne,courtesy of Jaap Vermeulen, André Schuiteman and Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Part shadeCool to Hot Spring Summer Fall

Common Name or Meaning Finlayson's Bromheadia [English Orchid Collector India 1800's] - In Thailand - Tan kamoi

Flower Size 3.2" [8 cm]

Found in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea and the Philippines in open scrub and light montane forests at elevations of 50 to 1500 meters as a large to giant sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with close set stems that are basally sheathed with leaves exept at the near apex and the base with 1 to 1/2" [2 to 3 cm] betweeen each strap shaped, shallowly bilobed apically, sometimes unequal lobed, gradually narrowing below into the clasping base leaves that all twist to face in one direction and blooms in the spring, summer and fall on a terminal, to 6" [to 15 cm] long, rarely branching, to almost 50, successively a few at a time flowered, fractiflex inflorescence with triangular, persistent, 2 ranked, floral bracts carrying wide open flowers.

The roots are boiled and the broth is taken by mouth to help prevent rheumatism and joint pains

Synonyms Bromheadia finlaysoniana var. palustris (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1911; Bromheadia finlaysoniana var. sylvestris [Ridl.] Holttum 1953; Bromheadia palustris Lindl. 1841; Bromheadia palustris var. papuana J.J.Sm. 1909; Bromheadia sylvestris Ridl. 1891; Coelogyne caulescens Griff. 1851; *Grammatophyllum finlaysonianum Lindl. 1833

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as B palustris; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as B palustris drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Holttum 1957 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 as B palustris drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 drawing fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing good; Orchids of Malaya Segerback 1992 photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Living with Orchids in Sumatra Landau 1996 photo fide; Orchid Monographs Vol 8 Kruiz. & de Vogel 1997 drawing fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013;