Bulbophyllum hirtum [Sm.]Lindl. 1829 SECTION Lemniscata Pfitz 1889

Flower Closeup

Photo by , Andre Schuitteman and the Preliminary Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Laos Website

Another Inflorescence showing successive flowering apex

Flower Closeup

Photo by Dale Borders

FrangrancePart shadeWarmColdLATE Summer

Common Name The Bristly Bulbophyllum - In China Luo Ye Shi Dou Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [6 mm]

Found in south Yunnan province of China, Assam, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam in humid, mossy, mixed and coniferous forests on mossy branches of old dwarf, gnarled trees and in semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests and savana-like woodlands as an uncommon, creeping, small sized, warm to cold growing bifoliate epiphyte at elevations of 800 to 2700 meters on limestone outcroppings with crowded, globose to ovoid-cylindric pseudobulbs carrying two apical, deciduous, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, flaccid, subacute, petiolate base leaves and blooms after it drops the deciduous leaves in the late summer on a basal, erect to arcuate then pendant, 10" [25 cm] long, densely many flowered, racemose, glandular pubescent inflorescence with distant, glabrous, lanceoate, acute sheaths and broadly ovate floral bracts and carrying small, hairy, strongly fragrant [cinnamon] flowers held way above the leaves. This species needs a short dry season before it will bloom properly.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum kerrii Rolfe 1906; Bulbophyllum suave Griff. 1851; Phyllorchis hirta (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; *Stelis hirta Sm. 1816; Tribrachia hirta Lindl. 1821

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing ok; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1961 fide drawing; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1961 as B kerrii drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as B kerrii; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 33 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand VIII Bulbophyllum Thou Seidenfaden 1979 drawing fide; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 photo good; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 6 1983 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Nagaland Deorani & Naithani 1995 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 12 1996 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 14 No 4 2000; Bulbophyllums and Their Allies Seigerist 2001 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchids Of India II Biodiversity & Status of Bulbophyllum Thou Augustine & Kumar 2001 drawing/photo ok; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Slipper Orchids of Vietnam Averyanov, Cribb, Loc & Hiep 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;