Cephalanthera cucullata Boiss. & Heldr. 1854

Another Plant in situ Crete Photos by West-Crete.com and The island of Crete, Greece Website

From Iran

Plant and flowers in situ Iran Photos by Vaggelis Papiomytoglou and The Greek Orchids Website

part shadeCold LATERSpring

Common Name The Hood-Shaped Cephalanthera [refers to the leaves shape]

Flower Size to 1.5" [to 3.75 cm]

Found in Crete in mixed forests with oak, cypress and maple at elevations of 700 to 1500 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial with a flexuous, hairless, grooved towards the tip stem carrying lowest almost on the soil, 2 to 4, oblong-lanceolate, hooded, pointed, erect, dark, glaucous, near clasping basally leaves grading to bracts above that blooms in the later spring on a terminal, erect, 1.6 to 6" [4 to 15 cm] long, lax, 4 to 30 flowered inflorescence.

The first 2 photos are taken on the island of Crete so they are ofr sure correct, The other 2 photos are asn orchid within Iran and so cannot be this species.

Synonyms Epipactis cucullata (Boiss. & Heldr.) Wettst. 1889; Limodorum cucullatum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze 1891; Serapias cucullata (Boiss. & Heldr.) A.A.Eaton 1908

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 #6 1985; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle east Delforge 2005 Photo Fide; Orchid Digest Vol 76 #1 2012 drawing/photo fide;