Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895

Plant and Flowers in situ Photos by Ori Fragman Sapir and The Trek Nature Website

Part sunCold Spring

Common Name The Kurdish Cephalanthera

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in the Transcaucsus, Turkey, Iraq and Iran in open areas of broad-leaved forests, pinewoods, scrub and woodland edges at elevations up to 2000 meters as a small to large sized, cold growing terrestrial with robust, grooved towards the tip stems carrying 2 to 4, short, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, keeled, rather leathery, acute, near basally clasping leaves that blooms in the spring on a terminal, erect, 3.2 to 16" [8 to 40 cm] long, 2 to 50 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Cephalanthera andrusi Post 1895; Cephalanthera cucullata subsp. floribunda (Woronow) H.Sund. 1975; Cephalanthera cucullata subsp. kurdica (Bornm. ex Kraenzl.) H.Sund. 1975; Cephalanthera cucullata var. kurdica (Bornm. ex Kraenzl.) Bornm. 1910; Cephalanthera floribunda Woronow 1908; Cephalanthera kurdica subsp. floribunda (Woronow) So 1969; Serapias kurdica (Bornm. ex Kraenzl.) A.A.Eaton 1908

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 #6 1985 photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle east Delforge 2005 Photo Fide