!Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886 Photo by J-M. Lewin and the Orchids of France and Europe

Plant and Flowers in situ Austria Photo by Bill Temple

Common Name The Alpine Chamorchis - The False Musk Orchid - in France - Orchis des alpes - in Germany - Zwergorchis and in Italy - Testicolo gramignola

Flower Size less than 1/4"

Found in Norway, Sweden, Finland, France, Germany, Czeckloslovakia, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania and Poland in alpine meadows at elevations of 2000 to 2700 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cold growing terrestrial with small ovoid tubers from which arise 5 to 8, basal, narrowly linear leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, erect, 5" long, several to many [8 to 15] flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Aceras alpinum (L.) Steud. 1840; Arachnites alpina [L.]F.W. Schmidt 1793; Chamaeorchis alpina [Linne] 1837; Chamaerepes alpina [L.] Spreng 1826; Epipactis alpina [L] Schm. 1792; Herminium alpinum (L.) Sweet 1826; Herminium alpinum [L.]Lindley 1832; *Ophrys alpina Linne 1753; Orchis alpina (L.) Scop. 1772; Orchis graminea Crantz 1769; Satyrium alpinum (L.) Pers. 1807

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Herminium alpinum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Herminium alpinum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo ok; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 7 1985 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/draing fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo plant only good; Orchideen Series C Band 74 Thiv & Worz 2012 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 78 #3 2014 photo fide;