!Chysis aurea Lindley 1837

Photo by © Eric Hunt

Another Flower

Photo by © Jay Pfahl


Drawing by © Dunsterville & Garay


Common Name The Golden Chysis

Flower Size 3" [7.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Peru as a large sized, pendulous, warm to cool growing, epiphytic or semi-terrestrial orchid that is found in dense shade in humid forests and palm thickets at 700 to 1700 meters in elevation with elongate, fusiform-clavate, many noded, compressed pseudobulbs carrying many towards the apice, distichous, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, undulate, membraneous leaves that blooms in the summer with a pendulous to arching, robust, 12" [30 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with ovate, acuminate, concave bracts that carries up to 12 waxy, fragrant, long-lived, color variable flowers and arises basally as a new pseudobulb growth appears.

Please notice that there are 5 calli on the lip, 3 white and 2 orange. This is the distinguishing character of this species. If your flower has only three calli then go to C tricostata.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lan

kester's Epidendra Website CR;

* Edwards's Bot. Reg. 23: sub t. 1937. 1837

Edwards's Bot. Reg. 23: sub t. 1937. 1837 Drawing fide;

The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as Chysis laevis drawing fide;

Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915;

Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide;

Orchids of Panama Williams 1946 as C aurea var maculata = C bruennowiana;

Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1953

Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1953 drawing fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 27 # 5 1958 drawing fide;

Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 drawing fide;

Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 1 1970;

AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 2 1970 as C laevis;

Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide;

Las Orquedeas de El Salvador Hamer vol 1 1974 drawing fide/photo ok;

AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 ;

Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979;

Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide;

Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Chysis laevis drawing ok/photo fide;

Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984;

The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 photo fide;

An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992;

Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1992;

Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993;

Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide;

Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2001;

Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005;

Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo not = C limminghei;

Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #8 2015 photo fide;

Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing fide/photo ok;

Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol IV:358 Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023 drawing fide