Chysis bractescens Lindley 1840

Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup

Photo by © Eric Hunt

Flower Closeup

Plant and Flowers

Photos by © Milan Vágner


Common Name The Bracteate Chysis

Flower Size 3" [7.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala and Belize, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua on trees and occasionally on calcareous rocks in humid forests at elevations of 800 to 1500 meters as a large sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte withfat, fusiform, pendulous canes concealed by white, scarious sheaths and carries several apical, semideciduous, linear or oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, undulate leaves that bear flowers from the base of a new growth as it appears in the spring with a pendulous to arching, robust, 12" [30 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with 1"+ [2.5 cm] +, foliaceous, ovate or acuminate, concave bracts that carries up to 10 waxy, fragrant flowers.

This species requires a drier winter to insure blooming, and is best grown mounted on tree fern or in baskets to accommodate the pendant canes.

Synonyms Chysis aurea Lindley var bractescens [Lindley]P.H.Allen 1955; Chysis makoyi Heynh. 1846; Thorwaldsenia speciosa Liebm. 1844; Thorvaldsenia speciosa Liebm. 1844

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Edwards's Bot. Reg. 26(Misc.): 61 Lindley 1840;

Bot. Not. 1844: 103 Liebm. 1844 as Thorsvaldsenia speciosa;

Alph. Aufz. Gew.: 143 Heynh 1846 as C makoyi

Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide;

Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952/65/85

Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952/65/85 drawing fide;

AOS Bulletin 24 [10]: 665 1955 as C aurea var bractescens

AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957;

AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 5 1957 drawing fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961;

AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 7 1962 photo fide;

Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as C aurea var bractescens;

AOS Bulletin Vol 36 No 6 1967 photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 1 1970 as C aurea var bractescens photo fide;

Las Orquedeas de El Salvador Hamer 1974;

Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984 photo fide;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1206 drawing fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 8 1986 photo fide;

Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide;

An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992;

The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992 photo fide;

Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995;

Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide;

Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2001;

Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide;

Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005;

Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto etal 2005 photo fide;

The World's Most Beautiful Orchids Allikas & Nash 2005 photo fide;

Genera Orchidacearum Tropicarum Vol 4 Epidendroideae Part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb Chase and Rasmusen 2005 drawing/photo fide;

Orchids of Venezuela; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1012 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing fide;

Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide;

Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide;

Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #8 2015 photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #12 2017 photo fide;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018;

Orchid Digest Vol 83 #3 2019 photo fide;