Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1857

Photo by Franco Pupulin and The Epidendra Website

Peruvian flower?

Photo by Carlos Hajek and his Peruvian Orchid Page

to

Common Name Bruennow's Chysis

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found from Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru on tree trunks in shady, damp, wet, montane forests at elevations of 600 to 1600 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte that is with a creeping rhizome carrying slightly fusiform, pendant, cane-like pseudobulbs enveloped basally by distichous, foliaceous sheaths and carrying thin, deciduous, plicate, elliptic-ligulate, acute leaves and blooms in the spring and summer on a pendulous to arching, basal, short to 7 1/5" [18 cm], racemose, several flowered inflorescence arising on a maturing pseudobulb with ovate, acute, concave, as long as the ovary floral bracts.

"Characterized by the lip disc ornamented with 3 conspicuous succulent keels and usually with an additional 2 smaller keels." Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023

Synonyms Chysis aurea var. maculata Hook. 1851; Chysis costaricensis Schltr. 1923 ; Chysis maculata (Hook.) Fowlie 1971

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Lankester's Epidendra Website CR;

Bot. Mag. 77: t. 4576 Hooker 1851 as C aurea var maculata

Bot. Mag. 80: t. 4576 Hooker 1851 as C aurea var maculata drawing fide;

* Bot. Zeitung. Berlin 15: 157. Rchb.f 1857;

Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 297. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as C costaricensis;

Orchids of Panama Williams 1946 as C aurea var maculata drawing good;

AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 as C aurea var maculata;

Orchids of Peru vol 3 Schweinfurth 1960;

Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as C aurea fma maculata;

Orchid Digest 35: 86 Fowlie 1971 as C maculata;

Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 414 Dodson 1982 drawing ok;

Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984 as C aurea var maculata;

Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1207 Hamer & Dodson 1985 as C costaricensis drawing ok;

Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide;

Native Colombian Orchids Vol 1 COS 1990 photo ok;

Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson & Escobar 1993 drawing/photo ok;

Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 as C aurea var maculata;

Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 as C costaricensis;

Manual De Plantas de Costa Rica Volumen 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide;

Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide;

Orquideologia Vol 24 #2 2006 as C pluricostata photo fide;

Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005 drawing ok;

Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide;

Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing/photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #8 2015 photo fide;

LANKESTERIANA 17(3) 2017 photo fide;

Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol IV:39 Szlatchetko & Kolanowska 2023 drawing fide

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