Bulbophyllum refractum Rchb. f. 1861 SECTION Tripudianthes

Photo by Jay Pfahl

FragranceFull shadeHotTo WarmSummer

Common Name The Broken Off Bulbophyllum

Flower Size 1/5" [.5 cm]

Found in eastern Himalayas, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Java and Sumatra in semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests and savanna-like woodlands at elevations of sealevel to 1420 meters as a strange summer flowering, bifoliate plant with conic pseudobulbs carrying 2, apical, deciduous, lanceolate, acute, shortly petiolate leaves that blooms in summer on a basal, to 16" [to 40 cm] long, pendant, lax, up to 10, racemose carrying foul smelling flowers.

This species has deciduous leaves and loses them as it is ready to bloom and needs a slight lessening of water but should not be allowed to dry out completely. It also does not like direct sunlight.

Synonyms ; Bulbophyllum tripudians Par. & Rchb.f. 1874; Cirrhopetalum refractum Zoll. 1847; Phyllorchis refracta (Zoll.) Kuntze 1891; Tripudianthes refracta (Zoll.) Szlach. & Kras 2007

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Cirrhopetalum refractum; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as Cirrhopetalum refractum drawing fide; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Cirrhopetalum refractum drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Cirrhopetalum refractum; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1961 drawing not = B tripudians; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 6 1970as B tripudians photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 10 1970 as Cirrhopetalum refractum photo fide; Notes on Cirrhopetalum Seidenfadden 1973 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 4 1980 as Cirrhopetalum refractum drawwing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 4 1980 photo as C wallichii; Die Orchideen lieferung 13 753 - 816 Bulbophyllinae Brieger 1983 as Cirrhopetalum refractum; Orchid Digest Vol 48 No 2 1984 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 no 1 1995 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 63 #2 1999 photo fide; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Siegerist 2001; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 Photo fide; Slipper Orchids of Vietnam Averyanov, Cribb, Loc & Hiep 2003; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #6 2016 photo fide;