Cleisostoma birmanicum (Schltr.) Garay 1972 SECTION Echioglossum [Bl.] Seiden 1975

Photo by Eric Hunt


Common Name The Burmese Cleisostoma - In China Mei Hua Ge Ju Lan

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Thailand, Myanmar, Hainan province of China and Vietnam in humid, mossy, mixed and coniferous forests on mossy branches of old, dwarf, gnarled trees at elevations of 800 to 1400 meters as a rare, small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte high up on mossy trees with a stout stem carrying several, thick, fleshy, broadly linear-ligulate, obtuse, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the spring on an axillary, erect to arching, 6" [15 cm] long, often branched, several to many successively flowered inflorescence that is longer than the leaves and carries fleshy flowers.

Synonyms *Echioglossum birmanicum Schltr. 1922; Sarcanthus birmanicus (Schltr.) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1965; Sarcanthus ophioglossa Guillaumin 1930

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 as Sarcanthus birmaniacus drawing fide; Dansk Botansisk Arkiv Bind 29 N. R. 2 Orchid Genera in Thailand II Cleisostoma Seidenfaden 1975 photo/drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 22 1329 - 1392 Brieger 1989; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 1 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Taiwania 60(3):107-116, 2015 - New species of the genus Cleisostoma in the flora of Vietnam Averyanov, Tich and Canh; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo ok;