Cleisostoma racemiferum (Lindl.) Garay 1972 SECTION Cleisostoma Seiden 1975


Photos by © Manorot Tangsaveepha and his Butterfly and Orchids Website


Plant and Flower

Photos courtesy of Botanická zahrada a arboretum Mendelova zemedelská a lesnická univerzita v Brne, Brno, Czech

Part shadeWarmColdSpring

Common Name The Spike Shaped Flower Raceme Cleisostoma - In China Da Ye Ge Ju Lan

Flower Size 1/2" [1.2 cm]

Found in Assam India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Yunnan province of China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam in open forests on trees at elevations 600 to 2150 meters as an erect or pendulous, miniature to medium sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte with a stout leaf stem carrying coriaceous, broadly lorate, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the spring on an axillary, ascending, slender, 12" [30 cm] long, paniculate, 8 to 14 branched, successively few, many flowered inflorescence with a few distant sheaths and broad, short floral bracts.

Synonyms Aerides racemiferum Wall. ex Hook. 1890; Cleisostoma chrysomelas (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972; Gastrochilus racemiferus (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; *Saccolabium racemiferum Lindl. 1833; Sarcanthus affinis Wall. ex Hook.f. 1895; Sarcanthus chrysomelas Rchb. f. 1869; Sarcanthus lorifolius Parish ex Hook. f. 1890; Sarcanthus manlinensis Guillaumin 1956; Sarcanthus pallidus Lindl. 1840; Sarcanthus racemiferum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1864; Sarcanthus yunnanensis Schltr. 1919

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Plantarum Vol 22 Hooker 1893 as Sarcanthus lorifolius drawing fide; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as Sarcanthus pallidus drawing ok; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95 as Sarcanthus chrysomelas; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Sarcanthus lorifolius; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Sarcanthus pallidus drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Sarcanthus racemifer; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 as Sarcanthus racemifer drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Sarcanmthus racemifer; Dansk Botansisk Arkiv Bind 29 N. R. 2 Orchid Genera in Thailand II Cleisostoma Seidenfaden 1975 drawing fide; Indian Orchids A Guide to IDentification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing good; AOS Bulletin VOl 51 No 6 1982 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 22 1329 - 1392 Brieger 1989; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Launert 1992; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001;A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide; ; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 4 2009 drawing/photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 9 2012 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; Taiwania 60(3):107-116, 2015 - New species of the genus Cleisostoma in the flora of Vietnam Averyanov, Tich and Canh; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #2 2019 photo ok; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;