!Baptistonia echinata Barb. Rodr. 1877

Photo by Eric Hunt


Photo by Patricia Harding


Common Name The Hedge Hog Baptistonia

Flower Size to .8" [2 cm]

This is a small sized, cool to hot growing epiphyte, native to Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janiero, Sao Paulo, Parana and Santa Catarina Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 50 to 1200 meters that has narrowly ellipsoidal or subcylindric, compressed pseudobulbs partially enveloped basally by several distichous, imbricating, leafless sheaths carrying 1 to 2 apical, oblong-lanceolate, narrowly elliptic or obovate, acute leaves that blooms in the winter on a 1 1/2' [45 cm] long, pendulous, mottled with dull crimson, paniculate [2 to 6 flowers per branch]or racemose, densly many flowered inflorescence with papery, elliptic, obtuse floral bracts and has numerous small flowers.

They do best mounted on tree fern or cork and like to be kept humid, with moderate shade and have frequent waterings year round with less after the pseudobulbs fully mature.

Synonyms Epidendrum tetrapetalum Vell. 1831; Gomesa echinata (Barb.Rodr.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2009; Oncidium brunleesianum Rchb.f. 1878; Oncidium echinatum Cogn. 1902; Oncidium vellozoanum Pabst 1957

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as Oncidum echinatum; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Oncidium brunleesianum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Oncidium brunleesianum drawing good; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Vol 2 Pabst - Dungs 1977 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 1 1988 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchds Pridgeon 1992; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 2 1996 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 3 1996 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 7 2005 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilienses II Plate 108 Castro 2006 drawing ok/photo fide; Miniature Orchids Frownie 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #4 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Oncidium brunleesianum photo fide; Orchids of Brazil Vol 1 Oncidinae Baptista, Harding & Neto 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 3 2017 as Gomesa