Echinosepala uncinata ( Fawc. ) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2002

Photo by Costa Rica Linda Website


Drawing of Myoxanthus uncinata by Carl Luer

Part shadeHot Cool Spring Summer Fall

Common Name The Hook Shaped Echinosepala [refers to the lateral lobes of the lip]

Flower Size 2/5" [1 cm]

Found in Belize, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela and Jamaica in cloud forests as a small to medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte at elevations of 300 to 2000 meters with stout, erect ramicauls enveloped completely by 4 to 8, loose, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, thickly coriaceous, narrowly elliptical to narrowly ovate, acute leaf that is cuneate below into the conduplicate, sessile base and blooms in the spring, summer and fall on a fascile of single, successive flowers arising from the apex of the ramicaul and having pubescent, longer than the ovary floral bracts.

"Closely related to Echinosepala aspasicensis but distinguished by the erect, widely spread, commonly striped flower with a broad, smooth plate-like callus above the thickened, more or less broadly unguculate base between the lateral lobes of the lip. The flower of E aspacensis , sometimes produced a few at a time, is neither striped nor widely spread. The callus of the lip is erect and narrowly horse-shoe shaped and channeled between the limbs." Luer 1992

Synonyms Brenesia uncinata ( Fawc. ) Luer 2004; Echinella uncinata (Fawc.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Myoxanthus uncinatus ( Fawc. ) Luer 1986; *Pleurothallis uncicnatus Fawc. 1895

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

J. Bot. 33: 12 Fawcett & Rendle 1895 as Pleurothallis uncinatus;

Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Pleurothallis uncinata;

Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as Pleurothallis uncinata not = Echinosepala arenicola;

AOS Bulletin Vol 33 #8 1964 as Pleurothallis uncinata;

AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967 as Pleurothallis uncinata;

Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1969 as Pleurothallis uncinatus not = Echinosepala arenicola;

Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Pleurothallis uncinatus not = Echinosepala arenicola;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1130 Dodson 1984 as Pleurothallis uncinata drawing ok;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol I Systematics of Pleurothallinae Luer 1986 as Myoxanthus uncinatus;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol IX Systematics of Myoxanthus Luer 1992 as Myoxanthus uncinatus drawing fide;

Orchids of Jamaica Gloudon & Tobisch 1995 as Pleurothallis uncinatus drawing ok;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XII Systematics of Brachionidium Luer 1995;

Native Colombian orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 as Pleurothallis uncinatus photo fide;

Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 43/3 2001 as Myoxanthus uncinatus;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:253 Pridgeon & Chase 2001 as Echinella uncinata;

Lindleyana 17: 101 Pridgeon & Chase 2002 as Echinosepala uncinata

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Pleurothallis uncinata;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera, A second century of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Brenesia as Brenesia uncinatus;

Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide;

Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 as Myoxanthus uncinatus drawing/photo fide;

Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 as Pleurothallis uncinata photo fide;

Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide;

LANKESTERIANA 17(2): Pupulin 2017 photo fide;