Epidendrum alvarezdeltoroi Hágsater 2001 GROUP Spathiger SUBGROUP Coriifolium

Photo © by The Mendelova Univerzita v Brne' Botanicka Zahrada a Arboretum Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Fragrance Part sun Cold LATER fall and EARLYWinter

Common Name Alverez Deltoro's Epidendrum [Wildlife Conservator in Chiapas Mexico 1900's]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Oaxaca and Chiapas states of Mexico on the Pacific slope in wet montane forests at elevations of 1900 to 2800 meters as a medium sized, cold growing epiphyte with simple, laterally compressed, erect stems producing new stems from near the basal internode of the previous stem and carrying 2 to 3 distichous, all along the apical half, alternate, coriaceous, narrowly elliptic to oblong, bilobed, margin entire leaves that blooms in the later fall and early winter on a terminal, racemose, occuring only once, distichous, secund, elongating, laterally compressed, ancipitose, zig-zag inflorescence arising on a mature growth, with longer than the ovary, ovate, conduplicate, narrowly rounded apically, nearly straight, not imbricating floral bracts and carrying 4 to 10, nearly simultaneously opening, strongly seminal scented nocturnally flowers.

" Epidendrum alvarezdeltoroi belongs to the GROUP Spathiger SUBGROUP Coriifolium characterized by the sympodial habit, coriaceous leaves, and the racemose, distichous inflorescence carrying fleshy green to purplish flowers. The species is recognized by the short stems with 2 to 3 coriaceous leaves and the erect, distichous, inflorescence not surpassing the leaves, with large, distichous, secund, simultaneous flowers, the sepals .52 to .8" [14 to 20 mm] long, the rachis is ancipitose, zigzag and the bracts are not imbricating, nearly straight and narrowly rounded at the apex; it has a very strong seminal, pungent fragrance at night. Epidendrum coriifolium Lindl. has semiterete, fleshy leaves, the floral bracts arched inwards, and the inflorescence surpasses the apical leaf, the flowers have a brownish or purple hue. Epidendrum magnibracteatum Ames 1922 is distinguished by the acute floral bracts. Epidendrum beharorum Hágsater, endemic to Guatemala, has longer, much larger plants, to 18" [45 cm] tall, (spreading floral bracts .88" to 1.72" [22- 43 mm], and carries successive opening flowers." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 408 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 793 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1154 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1228 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section;Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018