Epidendrum amazonicoriifolium Hágsater 2001 GROUP Spathiger SUBGROUP Coriifolium


Photos by © Mauro Rosim and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Amazon Growing Coriifolium-Like Epidendrum [refers to the successive flowering of this species]

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in French Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela and Peru in cloud, elfin and other wet forests at elevations of 950 to 1950 meters as a small to large sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with erect, simple, laterally compressed, ancipitous stems carrying 3 to 4 [6], distichous, narrowly oblong, unequally bilobed apically, subcoriaceous, green leaves that blooms at any time of the year on an apical, from a mature growth, racemose [occasionally 1 branched], distichous, erect, flexuous, 8" [20 cm] long, laterally compressed, ancipitous, successively to 20 flowered inflorescence with much longer than the ovary, conduplicate, acute, spaced apart floral bracts.

"Epidendrum amazonicoriifolium is part of GROUP Spathiger SUBGROUP Coriifolium characterized by the sympodial habit, coriaceous leaves, and the racemose, distichous inflorescence carrying fleshy green to purplish flowers. The species is distinguished by caespitose growth, stems with 3 to 4 sometimes 6, coriaceous, strap-like leaves, the erect, distichous, ancipitose inflorescence with open, long acute floral bracts, the apex pointed parallel to the rachis, successive flowers, produced 1 to 2 at a time, and single veined, linear-lanceolate petals. It is closely related to from the Pacific lowlands of Colombia and Ecuador, which can be distinguished by the 3-veined, oblanceolate petals and wider leaves. Epidendrum coriifolium Lindl., with semiterete, thick leaves and is endemic to Costa Rica and northern Panama. Epidendrum allochronum Hágsater has 2 to 3 sometimes 4 leaves which are wider .76" to 1.28" [1.9 to 3.2 cm], and the floral bracts are rounded and extended, the apex not pointing inwards. Epidendrum imitans Schltr. from the eastern slope of the Andes in Central Ecuador has closely imbricating floral bracts with the apex rounded, several flowers flowering simultaneously, linear petals anda subtriangular lip." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as E coriifolum drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as E coriifolium Drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as E imitans Drawing fide; *Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 409 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 drawing ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Boletim CAOB 73/74 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1154 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing fide;