Epidendrum anoglossum Schltr. 1911 GROUP Neowilliamsia


Photos by © Daniel Jimenez


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Lip-Less Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in elfin and cloud forests at elevations of 600 to 3200 meters as a small sized, warm to cold growing orchid with an erect stem enveloped basally by several tubular, loose, acuminate sheaths and carrying a few, towards the apex, fleshy, linear, obtuse, abaxially keeled, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on a terminal, racemose, 4 to 10 flowered inflorescence with subulate, inflated floral bracts and non-resupinate, simultaneous, distichous, non fragrant flowers.

This species is a rhizomatous plant with apical, linear leaves, a flattened peduncle, shorter than the ovary, triangular, acuminate floral bracts, linear-elliptic, somewhat falcate petals, and a lanceolate, acute lip.

"Epidendrum anoglossum belongs to the GROUP Neowilliamsia characterized by the ancipitose stems and rachis, the rachis with conduplicate, acute bracts, distichous, usually non-resupinate flowers, the lip often digitate and the 2- 4 pollinia with 2 hard, laminar, caudicles. The species is recognized by the short plants to 10" [25 cm] high, with 2 to 6 linear-lanceolate leaves, an erect, racemose inflorescence, greenish yellow, distichous, non-resupinate flowers, the triangular-rhombic lip with the sides upturned, the ovoid anther with a pair of apical, linear, elongate appendices, and 4 pollinia. It is vegetatively very similar to Epidenarum cymbiglosum Hágsater , but that species has 2 apical, oblong-elliptic leaves, and larger, yellow flowers with sepals .58 to .68" [14.5 to 17.5 mm] long. Epidendrum nervosiflorum Ames & C Schweinf. is smaller overall with sepals 1 to 1.6" [2.5 to 4.0 mm] long with green flowers with a white, bicallose lip, and 2 pollinia" Hagsater etal 908


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9(208-210): 214 Schlechter 1911; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 116. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 296. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1316 Atwood 1992 as Epidendrum anaglossum Drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 126 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 130 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 907 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 908 Hagsater 2007 drawing ok; https://herbarioamo.org/index_archivos/Fascicle9.pdf">Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 964 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1457 Hagsater & Sanchez 2013 see recognition section; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;