Epidendrum anthoceroides Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Alpicolum SUBGROUP Alpicolum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Flower Horn-Like Epidendrum

Flower Size 6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Ecuador in moist montane woods at elevations around 2850 to 3100 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing epiphyte with cane-like, ancipitose, flexuous stems carrying ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, minutely apiculate and retuse apically, unequal, progressively longer leaves that blooms in the summer through fall on a terminal, racemose, arching, 5 to 40 flowered inflorescence arising through 1 to 2, tubular, ancipitose, acute spathaceous bracts with linear-lanceolate, acuminate, twice as long as the ovary floral bracts and carrying flowers with the lip always facing the rachis.

"Epidendrum anthoceroides belongs to the GROUP Alpicolum SUBGROUP Alpicolum characterized by the caespitose habit, few-leaved stems, long, parallel sided spathes, racemose inflorescence, fleshy flowers oriented in the same sense as the rachis, thus producing a fox-tail appearance. The species is recognized by the sepals .24 to .36" [6 to 9 mm] long, the lateral lobes of the lip divided into two, the posterior lobe erose and the front lobe forming a large crooked horn. Epidendrum anthoceros has larger flowers, the sepals .4 to .44" [10 to 11 mm] long, the lateral lobes rounded and denticulate, but without any prominent horn, and the peduncle of the inflorescence elongate, longer than the apical leaf which is acuminate. Epidendrum oblongialpicolum Hágsater & Dodson has oblong, rounded to bilobed leaves, very wide compressed stems up to .64" [16 mm] wide, lateral lobes of the lip reniform, proportionately small and erose, without any prominent horn-like lobe." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 441 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 drawing fide;