Epidendrum bahorucense Hágsater & L.Cerv. GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Paranense

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part shade WarmCool WinterSpring

Common Name The Sierra de Bahoruco Epidendrum [A mountain in the Dominican Republic]

Flower Size .85" [2.2 cm]

Found in the Dominican Republic at elevations of 1100 to 1700 meters as a giant sized, warm to cool growing epiphtye with a branching, cane-like, terete stem carrying 7 to 12, in the upper 2/3's of the main and secondary stem, both coriaceous, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, irregularily bilobed, entire marginally leaves that blooms in the winter through spring on a terminal, sessile, racemose, distichous, ellipsoid, 1 to 2 " [2.5 to 5 cm] long, short inflorescence with imbricating, conduplicate, as long as the ovary, ovate, acute floral bacts and carrying 4 to 6, simultaneously opening, white flowers.

"Epidendrum bahorucense belongs to the . GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Paranense, characterized by the pendent branching plant with coriaceous leaves, distichous inflorescense, oblong to oblong-lanceolate leaves. This species can be recognized by its terete stems, ovate-triangular lip, truncate at the base, short column, reduced clinandrium, ellipsoid capsule, .48 x .36" [12 x 9 mm]. Epidendrum morrisii Hágsater & L. Cerv. from Jamaica has laterally compressed stems, longer leaves, 2 to 7.6" [5 to 19 cm] long, and larger flowers, sepals .4 to .64" [10 to 16 mm] long, petals .56 to .6" [14 to 15 mm] long, and longer column, .24" [6 mm] long. Epidendrum mora-retanae Hágsater from Nicaragua to Panama has a cordate lip, clinandrium as long as the column proper, and a pyriform capsule, .08 to 1 x .4 to .48" [20 to 25 x 10 to 12 mm]. The name Epidendrum imbricatum Lindl. , which corresponds to a Brazilian plant, cannot be used due to the earlier homonym applied to Lockhartia biserra by Lamarck, and thus the later name, E. paranaense Barb. Rodr. must be used for that species, which had wider leaves, .8 to 1.2" [2 to 3 cm] wide, ovate to ovate-oblong lip, ovary .48 to .6" [12 to 15 mm] long, longer petals, .48 to .52" x .08 to .1" [12 to 13 x 2 to 2.5 mm], and longer capsule, .8 x .48 [20 x 12 mm]." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 415 Hagsater 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 462 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014