Epidendrum bakrense Hágsater & G.Cremers 1999 GROUP Arbuscula SUBGROUP Arbuscula

TYPE Drawing by © Hágsater & G.Cremers and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Bakra Mountain Epidendrum [refers to the species location in French Guiana]

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in French Guiana at elevations of 1155 to 1600 meters as a medium sized, cool growing epiphyte with erect, cane-like, terete stems producing a new stem from the subapical internode of the previous stem carrying 4 to 6, distichous, in the apical 1/2 of the stem, subcoriaceous, narrowly ovate, acute, margin entire leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, racemose, occuring only once, short, terete, nutant, 1.2 to 2" [3 to 5 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence arising on a mature stem, with much shorter than the ovary, narrowly-triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying 15 to 20, successively opening, 4 to 7 at a time, resupinate flowers with greenish brown tepals, a violet brown lip, that is greenish at the base and a greenish column.

"Epidendrum bakrense belongs to the GROUP Arbuscula SUBGROUP Arbuscula Characterized by the successive lateral growths arising from the middle of the previous stem and carrying a few leaves aggregate towards the apex that blooms on an arching, terminal inflorescence with membraneous, colorful flowers with a bicallose lip. The species can be recognized by its subcoriaceous leaves, successive flowers with a prominent ventral nectary which inflates the ovary over two-thirds its length, the reniform, bicallose lip, the narrowly obovate-spathulate petals and the arching column. Epidendrum chimantense Hágsater & Carnevali has purple-tinged leaf-sheaths, narrow, elliptic-lanceolate leaves, the column arching only at the base and a slender, non-inflated ovary. Epidendrum lechleri Rchb. f., a species native to Peru, has .52" [13 mm] long sepals and a 3-lobed lip. Epidendrum nephroglossum Schltr. has very prominent floral bracts equal to or longer than the ovary which is not swollen, acute petals and a reduced clinandrium." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidaceaum 3 Plate 312 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 drawing fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1524 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 16[2] Plate 1674 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 see recognition section;