Epidendrum brenesii Schltr.1923 GROUP Arbuscula SUBGROUP Incomptum

TYPE LCDP by A. Karremans and The AMO Herbario Website


Collection Sheet

Photo/Specimen by Pupulin/Romero and the Epidendra Website

FragrancePart sun Cool FallTHROUGH EARLY Summer

Common Name Brenes' Epidendrum [Costa Rican Botanist in the late 1800 to early 1900's]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica in disturbed forests at elevations of 1000 to 2000 meters as a medium to large sized, cool growing epiphyte with simple, erect, cane-like, terete, produced from the middle internode of the previous stem, straight stems and carrying 3 to 5, aggregate towards the apex, alternate, subcoriaceous, erect-spreading, oblong, acute, margin entire, articulate below into the base leaves that blooms in the fall though early summer on a terminal, occuring only once, racemose, rarely paniculate, arching, thin, ancipitose, straight, 8 to 12 flowered inflorescence with a lanceolate, acute bract and half as long as the ovary, triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying successively opening, weakly afternoon scented flowers.

Known by its yellow to strongly purple flowers with a reniform, deeply emarginate lip.

"Epidendrum brenesii belongs to the GROUP Arbuscula SUBGROUP Incomptum which is characterized by the successive lateral growths produced from the middle of the previous growth, few leaves aggregate towards the apex of the stems, a short apical inflorescence with fleshy greenish to violet-green flowers with short ovaries, the lip entire to 3-lobed. The species is recognized by the stems .08 to .2" [2 to 5 mm] thick, an inflorescence with 8 to 14, violet-green or yellowish green flowers, a reniform, velutinous, deeply emarginate lip, with the apex somewhat 4-lobed, .48 to .76" [12 to 19 mm] wide, and the margin entire. Epidendrum bisulcatum Ames has short, thin stems .48 to .14" [1.2 to 3.5 mm] thick, a few-flowered inflorescence with 6 to 9 olive-green flowers, and a suborbicular lip .44 to .5" [11 to 12.5 mm] wide, with an erose margin. Epidendrum cerinum Schltr. has larger, olive green or lavender to black-colored flowers, the sepals .68 to .96" [17 to 24 mm] long a widely ovate lip with the margin short and irregularly fimbriate, the lip is obliquely united to the column. Epidendrum incomptum Rchb.f. has a dense inflorescence with up to 20 flowers, the lip 3-lobed and ecallose with the margin entire." Hagsater etal 2006


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 209. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 344 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 812 Hagsater and Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 814 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 843 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 844 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1109 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see Recognition Section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1120 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1386 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1760 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 LCDP/Photo fide;