Epidendrum brevivenioides Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Brevivenium

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Brevivenium-Like Epidendrum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in northern Ecuador in high elevation wet forests at elevations around 3000 to 3900 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte with erect, terete, produced from the 3rd and 4th internode of the previous stems carrying 4 to 5, in the upper half of the stem, narrowly elliptic-oblong, asymetrically bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the late spring on a terminal, on mature stems, racemose, compact, 2.2" [5.5 cm] long including the .16" [4 mm] long peduncle, simultaneously 8 to 10 flowered inflorescence enveloped completely by a tubular, laterally compressed, acute spathe and a bract near the apex of the peduncle and has progressively shorter, linear-triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers with the tepals pale green, the lip white and the column green.

"Epidendrum brevivenioides is a member of the GROUP Brevivenium characterized by the repent rhizomes with erect, thin, few-leaved stems, and a pair of conduplicate tubular spathaceous bracts at the apex; the inflorescence is erect, with prominent floral bracts; the lip appears 7-lobed. The species can be recognized by the small inflorescence, peduncle with a tubular, acute spathe; 3-lobed lip appearing as 7-lobed due to the somewhat lacerate lateral lobes, the basal part suborbicular, crenulate and subacute, the following parts somewhat lacerate, subtriangular, rounded; midlobe subrectangular, truncate; 3 calli, the basal laminar, prominent, the central callus short, subglobose, with a low keel. Similar to Epidendrum brevivenium which has wider leaves, linear, acute petals, lateral lobes of the lip divided into filiform, divergent lobules. Epidendrum guanacasense Hágsater & Dodson has a more compact habit, shorter leaves, the lateral lobes of the lip with the margin sinuate, not deeply lacerate, clinandrium straight, not funnel-shaped. Epidendrum spathulipetalum Hágsater & Dressler has a similar lip, spathulate, erose petals, but belongs to the GROUP Neowilliamsia and does not have any spathe." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidaceaum 4 Plate 422 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 drawing fide;