Epidendrum chaquirense Hágsater & L.Sánchez GROUP Mancum SUBGROUP Mancum

TYPE Drawing by M Lopez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The Paramo de Chaquiro Epidendrum [refers to the cloud forest where the species occurs]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Antioquia department of Colombia on the northern end of the Cordillera Central in scrub vegetation at elevations of 2800 to 3200 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, laterally compressed stems carrying a single, terminal, at the apex of the stem, elliptic-lanceolate, margin entire, unequally bilobed apically leaf that blooms in the winter on a terminal, arising through a single, sides nearly parallel, ancipitous spathe, peduncle laterally compressed, with one intermediate bract, simultaneously to 13 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acute floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate, brown flowers.

" Epidendrum chaquirense belongs to the GROUP Mancum SUBGROUP Mancum, which is characterized by the sympodial growth, narrow spathaceous bracts with parallel sides, erect raceme with non-resupinate flowers and a generally reduced, fleshy lip. The species can be recognized by short plants, 6" [15 cm] tall, with one leaf per stem, rhombic petals, .12 to .128" [3.0 to 3.2 mm], crenulate towards the apex. It is similar to Epidendrum sarcodes from Colombia, Cordillera Oriental around Bogotá; but this species has taller plants 14 to 16" [35 to 40 cm] tall, with 4 to 6 leaves per stem and spatulate petals, .72 to .8" {1.8 to 2.0 mm] wide with the entire margin. Epidendrum mancum Lindl. has smaller plants, leaves and flowers, and an entire, reduced lip. Epidendrum sarcoglottis Schltr. is distinguished by the entire, acute, claw-like lip, with a concave, transverse platform-like callus, and linear-oblanceolate petals." Hagsater etal 2004


ReferencesW3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 721 Hágsater & Sanchez 2004 Drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing good;