Epidendrum clavadista Hágsater & Collantes 2018 GROUP Herrenhusanum

TYPE Drawing

Photo by © E Moron/TYPE drawing by R. Jiménez M. © courtesy of Eric Hagsater and Icones Orchidacearum 16(1): t. 1609 Hagsater etal 2018

Part Shade Cool Cold Winter

Common Name The Olympic Diver Epidendrum [Spanish in reference to the non-resupinate flower with the petals parallel to the column, reminiscent of a diver performing a backward dive from a platform]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Peru where it is widespread along the Amazon slope of the Andes in disturbed forest at elevations 1650 to 2124 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial and as epiphyte at 2000 meters with simple, cane-like, laterally compressed, slightly zig-zag towards the ape stems with the basal 2/3 covered by tubular, non-foliar, ancipitose sheaths and carrying 4 to 7, distributed along the apical 1/3 of the stem; sheaths tubular, laterally compressed, ancipitose, smooth; blade sub-erect, articulate, linear-lanceolate, acute, sulcate, margins minutely crenulate towards the apex, slightly revolute, smooth, bright green leaves that blooms in the winter on a terminal, from the mature growth, flowering only once, racemose, erect, rachis 4.6 to 5.2" [11.5-13.0 cm] long, laterally compressed, 6.8 to 24.6" [17 to 23.5 cm] long, simultaneouslt 12 to 28 flowered inflorescence with about half as long as the ovary, triangular-linear, acuminate floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate flowers.

" Epidendrum clavadista belongs to the GROUP Herrenhusanum , recognized by the caespitose, sympodial habit, the erect racemose inflorescence subtended by a narrow, long spathe, and non-resupinate flowers. The species is recognized by the linear-lanceolate leaves, small flowers, sepals .36 to .4" [9 to 10 mm] long, ochre-yellow, the base of the petals white, apex ochre-yellow, the column and lip white, the apex of the column marked in purple, the mid-lobe of the lip triangular." Hagsater etal 2018


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 16(1): t. 1609 Hagsater etal 2018 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1737 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1783 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section;