Epidendrum cocoense Hágsater 1999 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Mirabile


Inflorescence Another Angle

Photos by © Bogarin, Used under permission of the Epidendra Website CR

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Isla de Coco Epidendrum [A Costa Rican island in the Pacific]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found on Isla de Coco, off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica along streams at elevations of sea level to 400 meters as a large sized, hot growing epiphtye with successive, branching stems each flowering terminally with alternate, evenly distributed along the stem, articulate, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate to ligulate, obtuse, subcoriaceous leaves that blooms in the winter through summer on a terminal, occurring only once, sessile, successively 3 flowered inflorescence.

Vegetatively similar to E. rafael-lucasii and E. santaclarense Ames, as the stems occur successively and are relatively short, flowering and producing a new stem from the apex. E acunae has shorter stems, blooming and the flowers of E cocoense are smaller with lemon yellow to white, acute sepals that are .4 to .48" [1 to 1.2 cm] long.

"Epidendrum cocoense is part of GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Mirabile characterized by the pendent plants, successive stems produced from a middle internode of the previous stem, without any evident main stem; the flowers white to purple and mostly very fragrant. The species has the same vegetative structure as E. rafael-lucasii and E. santaclarense Ames, the stems are a succession of relatively short and similar stems in length, 6 to 12" [15 to 30 cm], the leaves 2.8 to 6" x .52 to .8" [7 to 15 x 1.3- to 2 cm], flowering from the apex and producing a new stem near the apex, flowers lemon-yellow, sepals .4 to .48" [10 to 12 mm] long, petals 5-veined. E. rafael-lucasii has larger flowers, sepals .64 to .8" [16 to 20 mm] long, the column blunt at the apex. E. santaclarense Ames has deep green flowers. Epidendrum acuñae Dressler has instead a long main stem with shorter vegetative stems and very short flowering stems. Epidendrum jimenezii Hágsater also endemic to Isla de Cocos has a main stem with secondary flowering stems .48" [12 cm] long and leaves up to 3.2 x .6" [8 x 1.5 cm], 1 to 3 white flowers, petals 3-veined. Epidendrum insulanum Schltr., the third species of the genus endemic to the island, has main stems to 16" {40 cm] long, flowering stems 2.4 to 4" [6 to 10 cm] long, leaves up to 2.36 x .32" [5.9 x 0.8 cm] and solitary, lemon-yellow flowers." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 325 Hagsater 1999 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 341 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 11 2006 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 840 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 948 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 957 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1382 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #9 2015 drawing fide;