Epidendrum cochabambanum Dodson & R. Vásquez 1989 GROUP Diothonea SUBGROUP Diothonea

Photo by © Rolando Jimenez M.

Another Flower?

Photo by © Eric Hunt

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Vasquez


Common Name The Cochabamba Epidendrum [A Bolivian City]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia in wet montane forests at elevations of 1700 to 2400 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with terete, thin, branched towards the apex stems enveloped by tubular sheaths, becoming leaf bearing towards the apex carrying, a few, well spaced, linear, subcoriaceous, dark green, asymetrically bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the fall on terminal, pendulous, to 1.6" [4 cm] long, 3 to 8 flowered inflorescence carrying resupinate flowers

"Epidendrum cochabambanum Dodson & Vasquez belongs to the GROUP Diothonea SUBGROUP Diothonea which is characterized by the branching plants, linear-lanceolate to oblong leaves, the apex bilobed, racemose, arching-nutant inflorescence membranaceous, rarely fleshy flowers, the entire to 3-lobed, ecallose lip with the margin erose and with or without 1 to 10 thin, smooth to erose keels, the column completely free to obliguely united to the lip, the anther reniform. The species which has linear petals .32 to .6" [0.8-1.5 mm] wide, and a transversely elliptic lip with the apex slightly 4-lobed, and forming a wide throat with the column. Epidendrum amaruense is recognized by the small, non-resupinate, yellow to ochre-green flowers sepals .16 to .2" [4 to 5 mm] long with wide floral segments, the ovate petals .16" [4 mm] wide and the lip reniform, bilobed. It is similar to Epidendrum jativae Dodson which shares the non-resupinate flowers, but has longer leaves, up to 4" [10 cm] long, .6" [1.5 mm] wide, oblong petals, and the 3-keeled lip, 3-lobed with the midlobe small and itself bllobed. It is vegetatively similar to Epidendrum gastrochilum Kraenzl., also from Peru, has much larger flowers with the sepals .44 to .52" [11 to 13 mm] long and the lip is ovate-orbicular with 6 laminar keels, has a much longer column .36 to .4" [9 to 1.0 mm] long, and shares the curious narrow cavity on the underside of the column, which is accessed through a narrow, elongate slit, a feature first described in the Colombian Epidendrum cleistocoleum Hágsater & Santiago and shared by Epidendrum cottoniiflorum [Rchb.f.) Hagsater." Adapted from Plate 847 Hagsater etal 2006

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0328 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Orchids of Bolivia Vol II Laelinae Vasquez & Ibisch 2004 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 706 Hagsater 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 732 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Orquideologia Vol 24 #1 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 805 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 847 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1850 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021