Epidendrum cocornocturnum Hágsater 1999 GROUP Nocturnum

Side View of Flower

Lip Detail

Photos by © The Species Identification Task Force Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Cocorna Nocturnum Epidendrum [refers to the Municipality of Corcona where the original species was collected and the orchid being within the nocturnum group]

Flower Size 6" [15 cm]

Found in Antioquia and Valle de Cauca departments of Colombia and northern Ecuador at elevations around 1500 to 2080 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete below, ancipitose and widening above, flexuose stems carrying 4 to 5, all along the stem, subcoriaceous, thin, flexible, elliptic to narrowly lanceolate, rounded and bilobed apically leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on a terminal, occuring over several years, on a mature stem, successively single flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular floral bracts and carrying resupinate, nocturnally fragrant flowers.

"Epidendrum cocornocturnum is part of GROUP Nocturnum characterized by the simple stems carrying large star-shaped flowers usually with a 3-lobed lip. The species isrecognized by its flattened stems, the relatively few, large, bilobed leaves, the large green flowers with only the basal half of the lip and the column white, sepals .256 to .32" [64 to 80 mm] long, and intermediate sized ovary .24 to .32"[60 to 80 mm] long, and is found at higher altitudes, between 1500 and 2100 meters. It closely resembles E. tridens var. briegeri Bock, which seems similar in all measurements but is found at sea level in the Chocó, on the Pacific side of the Cordillera Occidental, and is recognized by its acute leaves, neither rounded nor bilobed. Epidendrum pseudonocturnum Hágsater & Dodson has the ovary of similar length but smaller flowers, the sepals .192 to .28" [48 to 52 mm] long, and the leaves, though similar in shape, are somewhat smaller, more numerous, and stiff, upright in natural position." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 326 Hagsater 1999 drawing fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of the Darien Gap Kolanowska 2014 as E cf coconocturnum drawing good; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1553 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [2] Plate 1583 Hagsater & Sanchez 2016 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide