Epidendrum coryophorum (Kunth) Rchb. f. 1861 GROUP Mancum SUBGROUP Stenoglossum

Plant and Flowers

Photos by © Andreas Kaye and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Flower Closeup

Photo by © Eric Hunt


Common Name The Helmut Carrying Epidendrum?

Flower Size 1/2" [15 mm]

Found in the mountains of Venezuela?, Colombia and Ecuador in wet montane forest at elevations of 1400 to 3800 as a medium sized, cold to cool growing epiphyte with suberect, leafy stems that are ellipsoid to terete in crossection, enveloped almost entirely by distichous, imbricating, tubular, foliaceous sheaths with articulated, oblong-elliptic, basally conduplicate, acute, subcoriaceous leaves that blooms in the late fall and winter on an erect to arching, 6 to 10" [15 to 25 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence producing subsequent basal branches all with simultaneously opening, non-resupinate flowers ocurring over a long time.

"Epidendrum coryophorum (Kunth) Rchb.f. . belongs to the GROUP Mancum which is characterized by the sympodial habit, fewleaved stems, racemose inflorescence with 1 to 2 ancipitose, long, spathaceous bracts with parallel sides, and SUBGROUP Stenoglossum which has non resupinate flowers, a short column, the lip entire, linear, or 3-lobed and then the midlobe linear. The species which is widespread from the Cordillera Central in Colombia through the Cordillera oriental in Ecuador, can be recognized by the purple-red flowers, generally with the apical third white to greenish white, with large petals, and an entire, linear, ecallose lip. Epidendrum hamatum has 1 to 2 leaves on the stems, creamy to greenish white flowers with purple-red dots, linear, spatulate, petals with the apex dilated, a 3-lobed lip, the lateral lobes minute, hamate, and the linear-filiform midlobe with the apex sagitate to rhomboid. Epidendrum cylindrostachys Rchb.f. is superficially similar, has resupinate flowers, the lip membranaceous and not reduced, spreading sepals and petals, the lateral lobes of the lip falcate, the midlobe with a narrow, lanceolate-ligulate, fleshy isthmus, and the apex obtuse to retuse, the column .22 to .24" [5.5 to 6 mm] long." Adapted from Plate 1252 Hagsater etal 2009

Synonyms Epidendrum bulbophylloides F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899; Epidendrum corymbosum Ruiz & Pav. 1798; Epidendrum linearilingue Rchb.f. 1877; Stenoglossum coriophorum Lindl. 1830; Stenoglossum corynephorum Spreng. 1828; *Stenoglossum coryophorum Kunth 1815; Stenoglossum subulatum Lindl. 1836

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as E coriophorum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Stenoglossum coriphoroides sic; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 248 Schlechter 1920 as E linearlingue; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 27: 62 Colombia Schlechter 1924 as Stenoglossum coriophorum; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 4 1960 as Stenoglossum coriophorum photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Stenoglossum coriophoroides; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Stenoglossum coryophorum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 400 Dodson 1980 as Stenoglossum coryophorum not = E hamatum; ORQUIDEA (Méx.) 9(2): 1984 drawing/photo fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 as Stenoglossum coryophorumphoto fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 1 2004 photo; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 755 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 1230 Bennett & Christenson 2009 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1252 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1818 2020 see recognition section