Epidendrum anceps Jacq. 1763 GROUP Anceps SUBGROUP Anceps

Photo by © Eladio M. Fernandez © 2005 Dominican Republic

Brown Cultivar Brazil

Brown Cultivar, Deflexed Sepals and Petals Costa Rica

Photo by © Patricia Harding.


TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name Brown Epidendrum or Double-Edged Epidendrum

Flower Size 1/2" [6 cm]

Found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil as a medium sized, caespitose, warm to cool growing epiphyte or occasional lithophyte occuring in cypress swamps and damp montane and tropical rain forests at altitudes up to 2000 meters, with erect, ancipitous, stems enveloped basally by a few scarious sheaths and carrying several to many, lanceolate, basally clasping leaves that graduate in size from the base and blooms throughout the year on an apical, 9" [22.5 cm] long, terminal, subumbellate, racemose inflorescence that is covered with several scarious, imbricate, acuminate sheaths and carries many, small, fragrant [old stale straw] flowers clustered at the apex and blooms repeatedly from the old inflorescence over a few years.

CAUTION!!!!! If you are looking for a Florida USA occuring Orchid then please proceed to E amphistomum.

This one differs from the similar E amphistomum by the smaller plant, greener flowers and the 3 lobed lip.

"Epidendrum anceps, belongs to the GROUP Anceps , which is recognized by the simple stems, generally elongate, compound racemose inflorescence producing new successlve racemes with time, fleshy flowers, filiform to narrowly oblanceolate petals; and the SUBGROUP Anceps which has short, subcorymbose racemes. The species can be recognized by the generally long, wide leaves .2 to .6" x 1.2 to 2" [5 to 15 x 3 to 5 cm), .14 to .32" [3.5 to 8 mm] long sepals, the lip 1.12" to 2.4" x 1.4 to 2.6" [2.8 to 6.0 x 3.5 to 6.5 mm], the plants and flowers green, rarely tinged with brown, and the lip 3-lobed with lhe margin entire. It is similar to Epidendrum amphistomum A Rich. from the United States (Florida), Cuba and Hispaniola, which has larger plants, up to 44" [110] cm tall, and the greenish yellow to brown-red flowers, the lip bilobed. Epidendrum galeottianum A Rich. & Galeott., whlch ranges from Mexlco to central Nicaragua, also has taller plants, 10 to 40" [25 to 100 cm] high, longer, purple leaves 1.8 to 9.2" [4.5 to 23 cm), and the sepals and petals are greenish brown, with the apex of the column and the lip purple. Epidendrum musciferum Lindl, which ranges from Panama and throughout the Amazon basin in South America, has shorter, narrower leaves .08 to .52" x .52 to 1.36" [2 to 13 x 1.3 to 3.4 cm], smaller flowers with the sepals being .16 to .24" [4.5 to 6.0 mm] long, cinnamon brown to yellow, sometimes tinged with purple, or greenish, yellowish to orange, with the lip tinged with reddish, green or yellow, and the column greenish, the apical half occasionally white." Hagsater etal 2008

Synonyms Amphiglottis anceps [Jacq.]Britt 1924; Amphiglottis lurida Salisb. 1812; Epidendrum anceps var. typicum Stehlé 1939; Epidendrum anceps var viridipurpureum [Hkr.]Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum cearense Barb. Rod. 1881; Epidendrum fuscatum Sm. 1791; Epidendrum fuscatum var. virescens Lodd. ex Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum patens Sw [non HKR.]; Epidendrum schreineri Barb.Rodr. 1882; Epidendrum secundum Sw. 1760; Epidendrum secundum ssp Breigeri H. Dietrich 1992; Epidendrum virescens Lodd. 1832; Epidendrum viridipurpureum Hooker 1838; Tritelandra fuscata (Sm.) Raf. 1837

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as E fuscatum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as E anceps var viridipurpureum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E fuscatum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 41 Schlechter 1919; Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 7: 243. Schlechter 1920; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17:29. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 116. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 209. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Catalogo Descriptivo de las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1938 as Amphiglottis anceps; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 drawing fide; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum anceps var typicum; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum anceps var viridipurpureum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 # 6 1968 photo fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as E. patens; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 not = A amphistomum; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as E secundum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #8 1975 see E amphistomum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 as E secundum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Troipcarum Plate 072 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1981 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 707 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo fide; Las Orquideas Nativas de Cuba Aleida Diaz 1985 as E secundum photo fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Esecundum photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0056 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine and Anderson 1991 photo fide; Inventaire Taxominique des Plantes de la Guyane Francaise Vol II Les Orchidaceaes Cremers and Hoff 1992; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 as E secundum photo fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb, & Launert 1992 photo fide; Orquídea (Méx.) 13(1-2): 1993 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 147 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 as E musciferum; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Iconografia de Orquideas Cubanas Perez & Bocourt 1997 as E anceps drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 448 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 469 Bennett & Christenson 1998 see comments; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 437 Hagsater 2001 as E schreineri see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 429 Hagsater 2001 as E cearense see recognition section; Moscosoa 13:114 2002 ; Icones Orchidacearum 5-6 Plate 577 Hagsater 2002 see recognition section; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2002 as E musciferum; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 701 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 764 Hagsater & Sanchez 2004; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 846 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Orquideas de la Republica Dominicana y Haiti Fernandz etal 2007 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1102 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1147 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 as E sp pg 131 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1335 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Orchidees du Bresil As Orquideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 Drawing/photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide; Orchids of the Darien Gap Kolanowska 2014 drawing fide; Orquideas no Portal Do Pantanal Lopo 2016 photo fide;