Epidendrum erythrostigma Hágsater 1999 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Rugosum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part shadeCold WinterSpringSummerFall

Common Name The Red Spotted Epidendrum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in cloud forests and paramo at elevations around 2100 to 2450 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing epiphyte or terrestrial with short main stems giving rise from the middle internode, other main stems and secondary or flowering stems arise from the upper internodes, all stems sinuous and carrying all along the stems, narrowly oblong, unequally bilobed apically, larger on the main stem leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on a terminal, occuring only once, nutant, distichous, zigzag inflorescence with 2 to 4, successively opening, resupinate, snow white flowers with the apex of the sepals red to purple.

"Epidendrum erythrostigma Hágsater belongs to the GROUP Ramosum characterized by the monopodial, branching stems, the spike-like, distichous inflorescence, and the single callus, and the SUBGROUP Rugosum which has a branching habit with few-flowered inflorescence from short, secondary stems, the leaf-sheaths rugose. The branching habit, with few flowered inflorescence arising from the short, secondary branches, the leaves with rough sheaths and carrying snow white flowers with the apex of the sepals rose colored and the heart-shaped lip with the fleshy keel that is prominently displayed in the center separate this species from others." Hagsater etal 1993


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 331 Hagsater 1999 drawing fide; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;