Epidendrum falsigarayii Hágsater et Karremans GROUP Kalopternix SUBGROUP Garayii

Plant and Flower in situ

LCDP Photo by A. Karremans/TYPE Photo by © G Yong and AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The False E garayii Epidendrum [in reference to this species having been incorrectly illustrated by Lřjtnant (1977) as Epidendrum garayi and thus is now being named false-garayi as the basinym of E garayii is Pleurithium cardiophilum and this is not]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in southern Colombia and northern Ecuador from Popayán to Quito, in subpáramo andean wet forest, cloud forest on Clusia flaviflora Engl. and Weinmannia L. and páramo on short trees and on frailejones, Espeletia sp. at elevations around 3500 meters as a medium sized, cold growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete, thin, pendent, formed by 3 to 5 internodes, short, secund, facing the same direction, the internodes stems covered by infundibuliform, acute, non-foliar sheaths to .48" [12 mm] long and carrying 3 to 6, aggregate at the apex of the apical internode, sub-pendent, coriaceous, articulate, similar in size and shape; tubular, minutely striated when dry; blade to linear-lanceolate, acuminate, margin serrulate towards the apex, spreading leavese that blooms in the spring, summer and fall on a terminal, without a spathe, sessile, 1-flowered, flowering only once inflorescence wit, much shorter than the ovary, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, amplexicaul floral bracts and carrying . non-resupinate, facing downward, brick-red flowers with the petals and margin of the lip, petals and margin of lip wine-red; fragrance not registered

"Epidendrum falsigarayi belongs to the GROUP Kalopternix SUBGROUP Garayii which is recognized by pendent chain of stems, arising each from a sub-apical internode of the previous stem, each with 1 to 3 linear-lanceolate leaves [in the primary stem there are up to 6 leaves in a fan], inflorescence apical, flowering only once, 1 to 2 flowered, the flowers non-resupinate, green to red or yellow, the lip cordiform. The species is recognized by the 3 to 6 leaved stem segments, leaves 1 to 2" x .12 to .02" [2.5 to 5.0 x 0.3 to 0.5 mm] long, 1 brick-red flower, ovate, acuminate sepals .48 to .492" [12.0 to 12.3 mm] long, triangular ovate, acute petals, .346 x .484" [8.6 x 4.4 mm], and a widely cordiform, apiculate lip .292 x .396" [7.3 x 9.6 mm]. Epidendrum wolfii Hágsater & E.Santiago has short, bifoliate, cane-like stems, 2, linear-lanceolate leaves .44 to 1.08" [1.1 to 2.7 cm] long, sessile, two-flowered inflorescences, successive and opposite, pink, immaculate flowers, the lip is widely cordiform with the apex obtuse, the disc with a single evident, low, wide rib running down the middle. Epidendrum carmelense Hágsater & Dodson forms pseudobulbs at the end of the unifoliate stems, leaves are 3.5-8.5 cm long, with 1-2 greenish to ochre flowers with red dots, the lip is reniform without any ribs. Epidendrum garayi Lřjtnant has 2 to 4leaved stems, the leaves linear-lanceolate, up to 2" [5 cm] long, flowers purplish green, the lip cordiform with the apex acuminate, the disc has 3 thickened veins running nearly the entire length of the lip. Epidendrum palalabrum Hágsater has acuminate, non-foliar, a single leaf 2 to 3.48" x .24 to .32" [5.0 to 8.7 x 0.6 to 0.8 cm], sepals .52 to .56" x 1.48 to 1.6" [13 to 14 x 3.7 to 4.0 mm], lanceolate, acuminate, 3-veined, petals .468 x .1" [11.7 x 2.5 mm], lanceolate, acuminate and lip .44 x .296" [11 x 7.4 mm], shovel-shaped, base truncate, basal half quadrate, apical half triangular, apex acuminate." Hagsater etal 2019

SynonymsReferences W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1720 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1722 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1728 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section