Epidendrum ferreyrae Hágsater & Ric.Fernández 2007 GROUP Ferreyae

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part Shade Cold Fall

Common Name or Meaning Ferreyra Epidendrum [Sr Ramon Ferreyra Huerta Director USM Herbaria early 2000's]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Peru in wet cloud forests at elevations around 3400 meters as large sized, cold growing epiphyte with simple, canelike, terete, thick stems carrying several, all along the apical 2/3's of the stem, distichous, spreading, somewhat recurved, coriaceous, narrowly lanceolate, acute, dark green above, reddish beneath leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal and or lateral, paniculate, nutant, heavy, terete, 13.2" [34 cm] long including the 2" [5 cm] long, peduncle, densely, simultaneously to 70 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, linear-triangular, acute floral bracts and carrying greenish flowers that are strongly tinged with purple.

"Epidendrum ferreyrae belongs to the GROUP Ferreyae which is characterized by the sympodial, caespitose habit, canelike stems with numerous leaves, apical inflorescence subtended by 1 to 2 large spathes, and a nutant, heavy racemose to paniculate inflorescence with numerous large, fleshy, attractive flowers. The species is recognized by the tall stems, prominent, conduplicate spathaceous bract, with similar, though somewhat smaller bracts subtending the branches of the inflorescence, the greenish flowers, with the outer tepals more or less purple, the oblanceolate, subacute petals, and the 3-lobed lip with an entire margin, the lateral lobes dorabriform, and the much smaller midlobe subtriangular, reminiscent of the unrelated Costarican E storkii Ames. It is very similar to E. lesteri Hágsater & Dodson which has lanceolate, acute, dark green leaves with the underside reddish, the pink-colored, obtuse spathe, the nutant, dense- flowered inflorescence branching near the based into several similar racemes, and the greenish, pale burgundy-red tinged flowers; the petals linear, the lateral lobes of the lip subreniform; midlobe rectangular, the apex truncate, somewhat bilobed, short-apiculate. It closely resembles Epidendrum orthoclinium Hágsater & Dodson which has narrower leaves, a more lax-flowered inflorescence carrying smaller, greenish yellow flowers, acute petals, and the clinandrium hood upturned, with the margin erose. Epidendrum excisum Lindl. has laterally flattened stems, an erect to arching, lax-flowered, paniculate inflorescence, the flowers light yellowish green more or less tinged with copper. Epidendrum tenuispathum C.Schweinf. has a somewhat similar habit, with an erect, paniculate inflorescence, and the lip wider than long." Hagsater etal 2007/2016


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 936 Hagsater & Fernandez 2007 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [2] Plate 1572 Hagsater & Sanchez 2016 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1874 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021