Epidendrum ferrugineum Ruiz & Pav. 1798

Photo by Fernando Chan and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Another Flower

Photo by Eric Hunt, plant grown by Petite Plaisance.


Common Name The Rust Red Epidendrum

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Trinidad, Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador at elevations of 1600 to 2100 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte or litophtye where it often occurs in coffee plantations with shorter, reed-like stems with 1 to 3 nodes, carrying 2 to 3 basally clasping, narrowly elliptic leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, arching, 9" [22.5 cm] long, many successively flowered inflorescence arising from a 5" [12.5 cm] long, compressed, tubular spathe on a mature stem.

Synonyms Epidendrum carneum Lindl. 1846; Epidendrum naucrates Rchb.f. 1854; Epidendrum tricolor Rolfe 1893; Epidendrum trinitatis Lindl. 1840

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as E naucrates; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as E carneum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum triniatus; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 68 Schlechter 1919 as E carneum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 70 Schlechter 1919 as E naucrates; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 73 Schlechter 1919 as E tricolor; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 249 Schlechter 1920 as E naucrates; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidendrum triniatus; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Venezuela, Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E carneum; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing/Photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1809 2020 see recognition section