Epidendrum flexuoecallosum Hágsater & E.Santiago 2007 GROUP Lanium

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Part Shade Warm CoolWinter Spring LATE Summer

Common Name The E flexuosissimum-Like Lacking Calli Epidendrum [refers to the plant being similar to E Flexuosissimum but lacking the tridentate calli on the lip]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Choco and Narino departments of Colombia and Esmeraldas Ecuador on the Pacific slope of the Andes in pluvial or montane wet cloud forests at elevations of 500 to 1400 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete, thin, straight, erect stems enveloped by 1 to 2, tubular, non-foliar, apically inflated, acute sheaths and carrying 3 to 6, all along the stem, articulate, alternate, erect-spreading, unequal in size, basally smaller, coriaceous, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, minute dorsal keel, somewhat erose, margin entire leaves that blooms in the winter, spring and summer on a terminal, erect, arising on a mature stem, generally flowering only once, paniculate, very rarely racemose, distichous, 2 to 9 branched, each suberect branch laxly few flowered, peduncle, thin, laterally compressed, ancipitous, rachis laterally compressed basally, filiform above, straight to slightly sinuous, simultaneously 4 to 25 flowered overall inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acuminate floral bract and carrying non-resupinate, distichous, green to yellowish green, lemon grass scented flowers.

"Epidendrum flexuoecallosum belongs to the GROUP Lanium which is characterized by rhizomatous plants, the stems cane-like to pseudobublous, leaves generally aggregate towards the apex, flowers non-resupinate, more or less pubescent, pollinia 2 or 4. The species is recognized by the 1 to 2,6" [2.5 to 6.5 cm] long stems with 3 to 6 leaves distributed throughout, the leaves elliptic-lanceolate, acute, a paniculate inflorescence with the peduncle and rachis nearly straight, spreading, linear petals with the margin densely ciliate, and an ecallose lip, with two short cunicula at the base of the blade. Epidendrum flexuosissimum from Central Panama has shorter stems .4 to 2" [1 to 2 cm] tall with 2 to 3 ovate-orbicular, rarely narrowly elliptic, spreading leaves, the peduncle and rachis of the inflorescence zig-zag, and the lip bicallose, each callus bidentate. Epidendrum ciliipetalum (Caray) Hágsater & E.Santiago from the páramos east of Medellin, Colombia, has longer 2.8" [7 cm] long stems with two apical, narrowly ovate-oblong, subacute and conduplicate leaves, the inflorescence with a single branch, reflexed sepals and petals, the lip bicallose, the apex of each callus forming 3 small lobes." Hagsater etal 2015


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 918 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 938 Hagsater & Sanchez 2007 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1124 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; ref="https://herbarioamo.org/index_archivos/Fascicle15(1).pdf"> Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1526 Hagsater, Dalstrom & Ruiz-Perez 2015 photo/drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1752 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide