Epidendrum friderici-guilielmi [Lindley] Rchb.f & Warsc. 1854 GROUP Excisum SUBGROUP Friederici-guilielmii type

Photo by Erica Moron de Abad and Her Biorquidtropic Peru Lab Web Page

Another Flower?

Photo by Carlos Hajek and his Peruvian Orchid Page

Common Name Kaiser Fredrich Wilheim II Epidendrum [German Leader 1800's]

Flower Size to almost 4" [10 cm]

Found in Peru and Bolivia as a large sized, caespitose, cold growing epiphyte and lithophyte, found in cloud forest, at elevations of 2000 to 3000 meters with erect, cane-like, clumped stems enveloped basally by scarious, tubular bracts carrying 4 to 5, towards the apex, graduating in size, oblong-lanceolate, basally conduplicate, acute, coriaceous leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect to pendant, to 10" [25 cm] long, densely several to many flowered raceme with showy flowers arising on a mature cane, subtended by a spathe and minute inconspicuous floral bracts.

"E. friderici-guillielmi Warsc. ex Rchb.f. is the type for the GROUP Excisum SUBGROUP Friederici-guilielmii type, characterized by the caespitose plants with cane-like, erect stems, fleshy leaves, the base of the inflorescence with 1 to 2, spathe-like bracts, star-shaped flowers with narrow sepals and pctals, and a prominent, acuminate, lip. The species has intensely fuchsia-colored, smaller flowers, with sepals .52 to 1" [13 to 25 mm] long). Epidendrum leucochilum of the GROUP Excisum SUBGROUP Leucochilum has large plants, coriaceous leaves, prominent spathaceous bract at the base of an erect, raceme of large, star-shaped, green flowers with white, column and 3-lobed lip. E. lehmannii Schltr., the sister species of E leucochilum from the eastern slopes of the Andes in Ecuador and Peru has wider leaves 2:1 to 5:1, smaller flowers with sepals 1.2" [3 cm] long and floral fragrance of papaya." Adapted from Plate 1260 Hagsater etal 2009

Synonyms Epidendrum huacapistanae Kraenzl. 1905; *Spathium friederici-guilelmi Lindley ?

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 10: 70 Schlechter 1922; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 12 1980 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 242 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 485 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1260 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004