Epidendrum globiflorum F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. GROUP Diothonea SUBGROUP Diothonea

Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Round Flowered Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Loja province of Ecuador on the Amazonian side of the Andes at elevations around 2400 to 3400 meters as a small sized, cold growing, branching epiphyte with a branching, cane-like, terete at the base, laterally flattened above stems with new branches arising from the sub-apical nodes of mature stems and carrying to 15 on the basal stem, 3 to 4 towards the apex of the branches, subcoriaceous, smooth, oblong-ovate, obtuse, bilobed, low dorsal keel leaves with tubular, striated leaf bearing sheaths that blooms in the summer on a racemose, few flowered, short, arching-nutant, 7 to 8 flowered inflorescence with triangular, acute, half as long as the ovary floral bracts and carrying simultaneously opening, subglobose, greenish white, resupinate flowers.

"Epidendrum globiflorum belongs to the GROUP Diothonea SUBGROUP Diothonea, characterized by the branching habit, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, bilobed leaves, arching-nutant, racemose inflorescence, membranaceous or rarely fleshy flowers, the lip entire to 3-lobed, with an erose margin, ecallose, or without 1 to 10 thin, smooth to erose keels, the column united to the lip from totally to obliquely to free. The species has oblong-ovate leaves .06 to 1.2" x .02 to .028" [1.5 to 3 x 5 to 7 mm] long, 7 to 8, subglobose, greenish white flowers, partly spreading, .24 to .3" [6 to 7.5 mm} long sepals; the column ends in a pair of outstretched, rounded, falcate wings, and the clinandrium-hood is much reduced. Epidendrum pseudoglobiflorum Hágsater & Dodson has orange to vermilion colored f1owers with an entire, suborbicular-hexagonal lip and a truncate column. Epidendrum podocarpophyllum Schltr. has salmon red/yellow flowers, longer, narrower leaves 1.2 to 2" x .14 to .2" [30 to 50 x 3.5 to 5 mm], and somewhat shorter sepals .2" [5 mm] long, the inflorescence with 10 to 15 flowers and the lip 3-keeled, these short and basal, with the surface, of the disc verrucose, the midlobe subquadrate, apically bilobed, with the lobes truncate. Epidendrum restrepoanum A.D.Hawkes has oblong-lanceolate leaves 1 to 2.24" x .16 to .36" [2.5 to 5.6 x 0.4 to 0.9] cm larger flowers, sepals .24 to .36" [6 to 9 mm] long and the lip 3-lobed, deeply cordate and with 5 to 7 keels on the disc." Hagsater etal 2006


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora de Venezuela Vol XV Tercera Parte Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 709 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 780 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Orquideologia Vol 24 #1 2005; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 807 Hagsater and Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 837 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1108 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1166 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1277 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section