Epidendrum harlingii Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Frutex

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part sun Cold Spring Fall

Common Name Harling's Epidendrum [Swedish Orchid Collector and botanist current]

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in southern Ecuador on the eastern side of the Andes in wet bogs and cloud forests at elevations of 3200 to 3450 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with cane-like, simple, erect, terete stems carrying 10 to 16, all along the stem, coriaceous, narrowly lanceolate, obtuse, dorsally carinate, minutely apiculate, margin entire, revolute, rugose above leaves that blooms in the fall and spring on an apical, erect, peduncle short .64 to 1.2" [1.6 to 3 cm] long, naked, paniculate, branches arcuate-nodding, .8 to 4" [2 to 10 cm] long, somewhat zig-zag, 2 to 5" [5 to 12.5 cm] long overall, rachis, terete, mostly successively to 35 flowered inflorescence with triangular-ovate, as long as the ovary, acute floral bracts and carrying flowers with the lip facing the rachis and with the tepals yellowish green to brown violet, the lip greener.

"Epidendrum harlingii belongs to the GROUP Frutex characterized by the caepitose habit, usutally simple stems, lanceolate leaves, inflorescence lacking spathes, nutant racemes, and a widely cordiform to reniform lip. The species is recognized by the caespitose habit, simple stems, short, lanceolate leaves, nutant branches of the inflorescence, widely cordiform lip, obliquely elliptic petals with entire lip and the greenish-brown flowers. Epidendrum papallactense has a larger habit overall, the flowers are brownish violet, and the petals have an erose margin. Epidendrum frutex Rchb.f. is much larger and has smaller flowers with a rhombic lip. Epidendrum aquaticoides C. Schweinf. has stouter stems, larger leaves and orange-red flowers." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 443 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 468 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 16[2] Plate 1670 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 16[2] Plate 1677 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 16[2] Plate 1698 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 see recognition section