Epidendrum huaytianum Hágsater 2020 GROUP Porpax

Flower detail

TYPE LCDP by © A. Huayta & A. Cisneros/TYPE Photo by Erica Moron and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Huaytianum Epidendrum [in reference to the Huaytianum Orchid Conservation Center of Oxapampa, Pasco, Peru, where the species is under cultivation and from which the type and LCDP plate were prepared. The surname Huayta in Quechua means flower and is relatively common in Peru]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Pasco department of central Peru at elevations around 1800 meters as mini-miniature sized, cool growing epiphye with asimple, cane-like, terete, erect to descendent stes carrying 2 to 3, distributed along the apical half of the stem, distichous, spreading, slightly arching, articulate, succulent; tubular, somewhat widened towards the apex, laterally compressed, the upper ones somewhat infundibuliform sheaths; blade narrowly oblong-lanceolate, acute, margin entire leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, arising through a hemi-elliptic when spread, conduplicate in natural position, apex rounded and slightly oblique spathe, sessile, single flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary and totally hidden by the spathe floral bracts and carrying a resupinate, fleshy, pale green to pale bronze-green flower, with the lip dark red-brown to brown, lustrous, the margin pale green and the fragrance was not registered.

"Epidendrum huaytianum belongs to the GROUP Porpax , which is characterized by the small, creeping plants with succulent leaves, single flowers mostly green with a usually shiny wine-red lip. The species is recognized by the short plants, 1.2 to 1.6" [3 to 4 cm] tall, 2 to 3 leaved stems, the leaves .92 to 1.2" x .18 to .264" [23 to 30 x 4.5 to 6.5 mm], narrowly oblong-lanceolate, acute, sepals .372 to .44" [9.3 to 11.0 mm] long, lip orbicular with semiglobose calli and the disc unornamented and somewhat concave, and the column shorth and thick, with a very prominent clinandrium hood that completely hides the anther, the nectary is sigmoid and the column is wide. Epidendrum althaniorum has plants .18 x .4" [4.5 x 10 cm] tall, leaves .52 to 2" x .28 to .34" [1.3 to 5.0 x 0.7 to 0.85 cm], ovate to lanceolate, semi-terete, sepals .48 to .664" [12.0 to 16.6 mm] long, an orbicular to widely transversely ovate lip, bicallose, the calli widely club-shaped, terminating in a pair of short keels; central keel fusiform, surpassing the lateral in front to about ¼ of the lip, and narrowly triangular, acuminate petals, which have a minutely papillose margin; the nectary is also sigmoid. Epidendrum gnomus Rchb.f. has an ovate lip, the margin dentate, and the column is narrower and the nectary straight. Epidendrum matthewsii Rchb.f. has erect stems, the leaves always spreading, somewhat canaliculated, and perpendicular to the axis of the stem, a bilobed lip, the base cordate and the apex emarginate, and the petals oblong, apically obtuse. Epidendrum maxthompsonianum Hágsater & Dalström has an orbicular lip, the margin minutely dentate, the column very short, oblique, presenting with a wide throat, the nectary wide, straight and short, and the petals are narrowly ovate, apically obtuse." Hagsater etal 2020


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1771 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 LCDP/Photo fide;