Epidendrum hugomedinae Hagsater & Dodson 2004 GROUP Bicirrhatum

Photo by © Eric Hunt

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name or Meaning Hugo Medina's Epidendrum [Sr Troyani, Ecuadorian collector, grower and discoverer of species current]

Flower Size .4"+ [1 cm+]

Found in southeastern Ecuador at elevations around 1600 meters as a small sized, cool growing epiphyte with thin, laterally compressed, cane-like stems carrying 7, suberect, fleshy, purple tinged, oblong-elliptic, acuminate, smooth, entire margined, deep green, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the fall on an apical, pluriracemose, arching, recurring over years, dense, many flowered, terete, thin, short inflorescence with the peduncle enveloped completely by a basal, widely ovate, acuminate, amplexicaul bract, and triangular-lanceolate, acuminate, gradually shorter floral bracts and carrying up to 28, simultaneous, resupinate, sweetly fragrant at noon flower.

"Epidendrum hugomedinae belongs to the GROUP Bicirrhatum, a small group of species which has appeared recently and is characterized by the caespitose habit, simple, leafy, short stems, compact, nodding inflorescence, conspicuous bracts about as long as the ovary, numerous fleshy, green and/or white flowers, with the midlobe deeply bilobulate, the lobules sometimes cirrhate; the polllnia are thin, and unequal, the inner pair smaller, without being of the bird-wing-type. The new species is recognized by the very attractive, snow-white flowers with the keels of the lip tinged violet and the obcuneate midlobe formed by two, rounded, somewhat divergent, lobes. Epidendrum bicirrhatum from northern Peru has pale cream-orange flowers with the base of the sepals and petals green, the tips of the keels of the lip lavender, the flowers are smaller, sepals being .184 to .208" [4.6 to 5.2 mm] long, and the lip has denticulate margins on the suborbicular laterallobes, and cirrhate lobules on the midlobe. Tne Bolivian Epidendrum ophidion Dodson & Vásquez is quite similar to the latter, but has successive, white flowers with three purple lines on the disc, pustulate sepals .24 to .32" [6 to 8 mm] long, and the dolabriform lateral lobes with a crenulate margino Epidendrum tiwinzaense Hágsater & Dodson species has green flowers with a white lip and apical half of the column, and sepals some .29" [7 mm] long, the lip terminating in a pair of cirrhate lobes. Epidendrum brachyblastum Hágsater & Dodson has narrow lateral lo bes of the lip, shorter apical cirrhae and deep green flowers with the lip and apical half of the column snow white." Hagsatrer etal 2004


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum Fascile 7 The Genus Epidendrum Part 4 Plate 713 Hagsater 2004 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum Fascile 7 The Genus Epidendrum Part 4 Plate 745 Hagsater 2004 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Fascile 7 Plate 795 Hagsater 2004 see recognition section; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 1 2007 photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 16[1] Plate 1616 Hagsater & Santiago 2018 See Recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 16[1} Plate 1666 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 16[2] Plate 1690 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1754 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section;