Epidendrum ilinizae Hágsater & Dodson 1999 GROUP Kalopternix SUBGROUP Serpens

TYPE Drawing

Photo by Alexander Hirtz/TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Part Shade Cold Spring

Common Name The Mt Iliniza Epidendrum [Ecuadorian mountain where the type was found]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Cotopaxi province of Ecuador in tall wet cloud forests elevations around 3000 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing, pendent epiphyte with pendent, terete, 4 noded, 1 short and three longer, somewhat thickened, new stems arise from the apical node of the previous stem each stem with an ovate, conduplicate, short, bladeless sheath and carrying a single, apical, oblong-elliptic, acute, coriaceous, margin somewhat revolute leaves that blooms in the spring on a terminal, erect, on a mature stem, racemose, very short, 3 wide bracts, single flowered inflorescence carrying a resupinate red flower.

"Epidendrum ilinizae is part of GROUP Kalopternix SUBGROUP Serpens characterized by the aggregate, globose pseudobulbs with fleshy-coriaceous leaves, a sessile inflorescence, one or few fleshy, compact, star-shaped flowers, often burgundy red in color, and an entire lip, more or less cordiform. The species is closely related to E. garayi and E. carmelense Hágsater & Dodson. It is recognized by its pendent plants with short somewhat thickened stems, broad, acute leaves, and red f1owers. Epidendrum carmelense and E. ilinizae have a single, leaf at the apex of the stem, which is covered by sheaths which are quite distinct from the apical leaf, while in E. garayi the sheaths bear leaf blades identical to the apical leaves. These species have been incorrectly described as having a lateral inflorescence, due to a misinterpretation of the growth mode." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 337 Hágsater & Dodson 1999 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 473 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1310 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1722 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1733 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section