Epidendrum infundibulum Hágsater & E.Santiago 2007 GROUP Epidanthus

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Part Shade Cool Winter Spring Summer Fall

Common Name The Funnel Shaped Epidendrum [Refers to the characteristic floral bracts]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in western Panama on moss covered branches at elevations of 1100 to 1800 meters as a miniature sized, cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, arising from the basal internodes of the previous stem, terete, very short, erect, straight stems carrying 5 to 6, all along the stem, alternate, articulate, more or less fleshy, erect-spreading, linear, subacute, margin entire leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on a terminal, occuring only once, racemose, distichous, secund, peduncle laterally compressed, straight, very thin, with a tubular bract similar to the floral bracts, rachis flexuous, successively few, 7 to 9 flowered inflorescence with shorter to nearly as long as the ovary, infundibuliform, acute floral bracts and carrying resupinate, distichous, white flowers with a greenish tinge.

"Epidendrum infundibulbum belongs to the GROUP Epidanthus , which is characterized by short small, somewhat scandent plants with very thin stems, very narrow, more or less fleshy leaves, with a small, narrowly triangular, acute ligule opposite the blade, an apical, clistichous, usually secund inflorescence, and 2 or 4 pollinia. The species is recognized by the short stems 1.6" to 2.8 [4-7 cm] tall, the porrect, ovate-rhombic petals without any fleshy thickening at the base, the bidentate single callus, and the one-veined sepals. Epidendrum muscicolum has taller plants stems 2.8 to 8" [7 to 20 cm] tall, porrect petals, with a fleshy thickened process at die base, the minutely apiculate callus, and 3-veined sepals. Epidendrum paranthicum Rchb.f. has slightly reflexed petals, 3-veined sepals, and the lip with a very evident, semicircular callus. Epidendrum talamancanum (Atwood) Mora-Retana & J .Carcía has taller plants with the stems3.6 to 10" [9 to 25 cm], and longer leaves .36 to 1.14" [9 to 3.2 mm] long, larger, creamy white to purple flowersr 3-veined sepals .168 to .28" [4.2 to 7 mm] long, and the callus mlnutely aplculate." Hagsater etal 2007


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 946 Hágsater & Santiago 2007 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 962 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section;