Epidendrum ingrabrachyphyllum Hágsater & E.Santiago 2013 GROUP Alberti SUBGROUP Alberti

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Part Shade Warm Cool LATE Spring Summer MID Fall

Common Name The Short Bracted E ingramii Epidendrum [refers to the similarity of this species to Epidendrum ingramii, but with smaller, wider, rounded floral bracts]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in southwestern Colombia and northwestern Ecuador in wet tropical forests at elevations of 800 to 2000 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte with simple, cane-like, laterally compressed, erect, straight stems carrying 13 to 18, all along the stems, alternate, articualte, sub-spreading, elliptic, obtuse, margin entire leaves that blooms in the late spring through mid fall on a terminal and lateral, new racemes arise from the same peduncle several times so therfore pluriracemose, peduncle of the terminal inflorescence 2.4" [6 cm] long, ancipitous, totally hidden by 3 to 4, imbricating, triangular-ovate spatheceous bracts similar to the floral bracts but much longer, the lateral peduncles .8 to 1.8" [2 to 4.5 cm] long, laterally compressed, totally hidden by 3 to 4 triangular-ovate, obtuse, conduplicate bracts, 1.6 to 3.6" [4 to 9 cm] long overall, successively single, several flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovary, ovate-elliptic, obtuse, conduplicate, ancipitous, imbricating floral bracts and carrying resupinate, green flowers without fragrance data.

"Epidendrum ingrabrachyphyllum belongs to the GROUP Alberti which is characterized by the sympodial habit, laterally compressed to ancipitose or somewhat fusiform-thickened stems, the apical or apical and lateral racemose, distichous inflorescence more or less with imbricating bracts on the peduncle, and the conduplicate, imbricating floral bracts producing one flower at a time, and the SUBGROUP Alberti , which has an apical and more commonly short, lateral inflorescence, with several progressively longer, imbricating bracts covering the short peduncle; the flowers are membranaceous, delicate, generally successive, one developing at a time from each raceme. The new species is recognized by the large flowers with sepals 1.12" [28 mm] long, elliptic, obtuse leaves 3.2 to 4" x1.08 to 1.2" [8 to 10 x 2.7 to 3 cm], the short, obtuse floral bracts, linear-oblong petals, cuneate lip with the base truncate, apex acuminate, bicallose the veins thickened and radiating on the disc. Epidendrum ingramii Hágsater & García-Cruz, has larger, wider, elliptic, acute leaves 6 x 2" [15 x 5 cm], long, acuminate floral bracts, cordiform, acuminate lip, the callus tridentate and bi-cuniculate. Epidendrum albertii Schltr. has much shorter, ovate-elliptic leaves 1.12 to 3.08" x .8 to 1.2" [2.8 to 7.7 x 2 to 3.9 cm]; smaller flowers with sepals .48 to .58" and .68 to .72" [12 to 14.5 and 17 to 18 mm] long, linear petals, with the apex obtuse to rounded, lip oblong-ovate, the apex acute. Epidendrum brachypodum Hágsater has smaller flowers with sepals .56 to .76" [14to 15.4 mm]long, pale purple, petals spatulate-obtrullate with the apex rounded, and the lip orbicular-sub-rhombic, bicallose, with a wide mid-rib and multiple thickened veins throughout the surface of the lip. Epidendrum chuspipatense Hágsater & R.Vásquez from Bolivia also has large flowers with sepals .84 to .88" [21 to 22 mm] long), but the leaves 2 to 6.4" [5 to 16 cm] long, are acuminate, the petals oblong-oblanceolate, the lip cordiform, obtuse and the clinandrium hood very prominent, much surpassing the body of the column." Hagsater etal 2013


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 14 Hágsater & Santiago 2013 drawing fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater, Ayala and Saldana 2014 drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 Photo fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide