Epidendrum jasminosmum Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Porphyreum

Photo by Chris Johnson and First Rays Orchids and their First Rays Orchid Website


Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

FragrancePartial shadeHotCoolWinter

Common Name or Meaning The Jasmine-Scented Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Ecuador and Peru on the eastern slope of the Andes at elevations of 400 to 1100 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete stems carrying elliptic, acuminate, basally clasping leaves held in the upper 2/3's of the stem and blooms in the winter on a terminal, paniculate, erect, 4 to 11.2" [10 to 28 cm] long, 8 to 150 flowered inflorescence, occuring only once and carrying simultaneously opening, fragrant flowers.

"Epidendrum jasminosmum belongs to the GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Porphyreum characterized by caespitose plants, cane-like stems, acute to acuminate leaves, apical inflorescence, lacking a spathaceous bract, the petals filiform and the lip usually 3-lobed, with 3 parallel fleshy keels, the apical lobe often bifurcate, and the pollinia “bird-wing” type and Pseudepidendrum GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Porphyreum which has flowers colored reddish orange, deep purple or lilac-pink, the calli generally prominent, sometimes horn-like. The species is similar to E. atacazoicum Schltr. but has an open to lax-flowered panicle, flowers colo red pale green with the lip and column white, strongly fragrant of jasmine. to E. atacazoicum Schltr. has a compact pyramid-like inflorescence of pink flowers, n unscented, and is found on the Pacific side of the Andes in central and southern Ecuador. Epidendrum amplum is the rosy-lilac colored sister species from Peru and Bolivia, which was illustrated incorrectly by Hooker in Bot. Mag. 94: t. 5731 as E. paniculatum Ruiz & Pavón and has been the source of confusion of the identity of the former species. Epidendrum paniculatum var. longicrure Lindl. (not E. longicrure Schltr.) is conspecific with E. amplum. Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 447 Hagsater 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1303 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1494 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as aff jasminosmum Photo good; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1810 2020 see recognition section