Epidendrum joaquin-ortizii Hágsater, E.Santiago & Salas Guerr. 2016 GROUP Epidendropsis SUBGROUP Gracillimum

Flower closeup

TYPE LCDP/TYPE Photo by M Salas and The AMO Herbaria Website

Fragrant Part Shade Cold LATE EARLIER Winter

Common Name Joaquin Ortiz’s Epidendrum [Peruvian orchid collector current]

Flower Size .6” [1.5 cm]

Found in Amazonas province of Peru on a branch of the Cordillera Orienta; in wet montane forests at elevations of 2500 to 3000 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing epiphyte with erect, simple, cane-like, basally terete, laterally compressed above, thin stems carrying 9, all along the stem, spreading, linear, acute, coriaceous, margin entire leaves that blooms in the late winter on a terminal, racemose, erect, peduncle .28” [7 mm] long, thin, straight, naked, rachis .4” [1 cm] long, thin, terete, .68” [1.7 cm] long overall, simultaneosuly 3 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, narrowly triangular, long-acuminate, embraching floral bracts and carrying resupinate, citric smelling, white, flowers with a green column, the apex yellow green and the disc of the lip orange-yellow.

"Epidendrum joaquin-ortizii belongs to GROUP Epidendropsis SUBGROUP Gracillimum characterized by the sympodial, caespitose, relatively small plants with non-thickened stems, long, paniculate inflorescence, delicate small flowers, and long, narrow, sub-coriaceous leaves. The species is recognized by the small plants 5.2" [13 cm] tall, short, racemose, few flowered inflorescence, the white flowers with the disc of the lip bright orange-yellow and fleshy thickened with multiple ribs, sepals .4 to .44" [10 to 11 mm] long. Epidendrum gracillimum Rchb.f. has larger plants 8" [20 cm] tall, paniculate inflorescence, smaller flowers, sepals .2 to .253" [5 to 6.3 mm] long, and the lip with a single thickened mid-rib. Epidendrum llactapataense D.E.Benn. & Christenson has similar-sized plants ca. 5.2" [13 cm] tall but the inflorescence is paniculate, 2 to 2.4" [5 to 6 cm] long, with 10 to 12 concolor, ochre-yellow flowers, the sepals .24" [6 mm] long. Epidendrum erica-moroniae Hágsater & E.Santiago has much larger plants, 8 to 12" [20 to 30 cm] tall, a large paniculate inflorescence, 10 to 21 cm] long, densely many-flowered, the flowers greenish brown, sepals .184 to .2" [4.6 to 5.0 mm] long, and the lip with 3 narrow, thin, parallel ribs. Epidendrum schlimii Rchb.f. is a delicate plant, paniculate inflorescences with 2-flowered racemes, the flowers pale red to purple-brown, lip entire, widely cordiform, and with a single, narrow mid-rib." Hagsater etal 2015


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 15 [2] Plate 1587 Hágsater, E. Santiago & M. Salas 2016 Photos fide