Epidendrum laceratum C.Schweinf. 1952 GROUP Batesii

Photo by © The Orchids of Manu Website


TYPE Drawing by Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Fragrance Part shade Warm Cool Summer THROUGH MIDFall

Common Name The Lacerate Epidendrum [refers to the margins of the lip]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Ecuador and Peru in wet montane to cloud forests at elevations around 750 to 1800 [2800] meters as a mini-miniature sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with cane-like, erect, terete, somewhat flexuous, thin stems producing new stems from the base to the middle to the upper internodes of the previous stem carrying 2 to 5, all along the stem, equi-distant, linear-lanceolate, acute, unequal, articulate below into the base leaves that blooms in the summer through mid fall on a terminal, racemose, short, umbelliform, few flowered inflorescence with lanceolate to triangular, acuminate, dorsally carinate, progressively smaller, the basal ones longer than the ovary floral bracts and carrying 3 to 7, successive, resupinate, sweet scented flowers.

"Epidendrum laceratum belongs to the GROUP Batesii, which is characterized by the main stem with a subapical branching habit, acute leaves, successive flowers, opening one at a time, deep nectary, entire to 3-lobed lip with the lateral lobes more or less fimbriate to erose. The species is distinguished by the short stems, long and narrowly lanceolate leaves and successive, small, flowers, sepals are .22 to .24" [5.5 to 6 mm] long, the deeply lacerate-dentate lip. It is similar to Epidendrum farallonense Hágsater which has lanceolate-elliptic leaves, narrowly lanceolate, rounded, 3-veined petals and a large, rectangular, truncate midlobe of the 3-lobed lip. Epidendrum oxybatesii Hágsater & Dodson has narrowly elliptic leaves, .6 to .64" [15 to 16 mm] long sepals, 3-veined petals, deeply 3-lobed lip with the semiovate lateral lobes crenate to laciniate, the acicular midlobe and the nectary penetrating 3/4 of the ovary. Epidendrum batesii Dodson has narrowly lanceolate leaves, less deeply 3-lobed lip with the midlobe short and truncate and the nectary penetrating nearly all the ovary. Epidendrum acrobatesii Hágsater & Dodson has sepals .44 to .48" [11 to 12 mm] long, narrow, linear-oblanceolate, single veined petals and a truncate, obcuneate midlobe. Epidendrum silverstonei Hágsater has oblanceolate, rounded, 3-veined petals and an entire, suborbicular, deeply cordate lip." Hagsater etal 2008


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 drawing fide; Miniature Orchids Northen 1980; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 332 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 383 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 719 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 771 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 9 Plate 912 Hagsater & Sanchez 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1134 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 as E sp pg 131 photo good; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing good;