Epidendrum lancilabium Schltr. 1923 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Rugosum

Photo by © Leo Rojas and his Flickr Photo Webpage


TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part shadeCoolCold Fall

Common Name The Lance Shaped Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in rain forests at elevations of 1000 to 2350 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with branching, cane-like, terete stems, the erect, strongly flexuous, often reclining with age main stem longer than the upward arching branches carrying about 8 along the main stem, 2 to 3 on the floral branches, erect, semi-terete, sulcate, linear, unequally bilobed leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, racemose, distichous, erect, terete, short, zigzag inflorescence with longer than the ovary, ovate-lanceolate, acute floral bracts and carrying 2, simultaneously opening, non-resupinate flowers.

"Epidendrum lancilabium belongs to the GROUP Ramosum which is characterized by the monopodial, branching stems, the spike-like, distichous inflorescence, and the single callus, and the SUBGROUP Rugosum which has few-flowered inflorescences from short secondary stems, the leaf-sheaths rugose. The species can be recognized by its short plants semiterete, linear, erect leaves, 2 flowered inflorescence, the flowers purple-green, with the ovary minutely papillose and forming a 90° angle with the column, the lip lanceolate-rhombic, acute. By the linear, semiterete leaves. It is similar to Epidendrum ramosissimum Ames & C.Schweinf., but the habit of that species is very different, with a clearly defined, tall main stem, clearly visible secondary stems, white to creamy-green flowers, the lanceolate, acuminate sepals, linear petals and the triangular-acuminate lip." Hagsater etal 2007


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 33. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 951 Hagsater 2007 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 969 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 978 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section;