Epidendrum lanioides Schlechter 1913 GROUP Lanium

Photo by © Eric Hunt

Plant and Inflorescence


Drawing by © R Jimenez and The AMO Herbario Website

Part ShadeCool to Cold Summer

Common Name The Lanium Like Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Peru and Bolivia at elevations of 1850 to 2500 meters as a miniature sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial or lithophyte on vertical rock faces with slender to narrowly cylindrical to narrowly fusiform pseudobulbs enveloped in youth by completely by imbricating tubular, acute, striated when dry sheaths and carrying 1 to 2, linear-ligulate, sub-coriaceous, obtuse, equal, erect, margin entire, smooth, spreading, clasping at the base leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, withput a spathe, erect, short pedunculate, peduncle .6 to 1.84" [1.5 to 4.4 cm] long, terete; rachis 1.2 to 2.4" [3.0 to 6.0 cm] long, straight, racemose, 4" [10 cm] long, simultaneously 10 flowered inflorescence with minute floral bracts and carrying small, non-resupinate, pale green flowers with the lip greenish white, column green, white towards the apex; anther purplishbrown; fragrance not registeredflowers.

"Epidendrum lanioides belongs to the GROUP Lanium, characterized by the caespitose habit, fusiform pseudobulbs to slightly fusiform, with 1 to 6 leaves along the upper half of the stem, paniculate inflorescence, rarely racemose, with a usually tomentose peduncle, lax, erect to arched; bicallose to ecallose, simple or trilobate lip. The species has plants 2.8 to 7.6" [7 to 19 cm] tall, with fusiform pseudobulbs, bifoliate, leaves oblong-ligulate, obtuse, a short inflorescence about the length of the leaves, racemose, sepals spreading, lanceolate, petals spreading, acute, margin entire, glabrous, a 3-lobed lip, lateral lobes transversely ovate, acute, a triangular-lanceolate mid-lobe, with 3 thin parallel ribs, the mid-rib elongate. Epidendrum ciliipetalum (Garay) Hágsater & E.Santiago has simple, cane-like stems, narrowly oblong-ovate leaves, sub-acute, paniculate inflorescence, sepals reflexed, aristate, narrowly ovate to narrowly elliptic, petals reflexed, short acuminate, margin densely ciliate each cilium septate, generally branching, 3-lobed lip, lateral lobes ovate, redounded, with a prominent clinandrium-hood." Hagsater etal 2019


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 10: 70 Schlechter 1922; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 640 Bennett & Christenson 2001 Drawing fide; Machu Picchu Orchids Christenson 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol II Laelinae Vasquez & Ibisch 2004; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1731 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 drawing fide